Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
4163. مهل18 4164. مهم4 4165. مهن15 4166. مهو10 4167. موأ7 4168. موت204169. موث8 4170. موج13 4171. موذ6 4172. مور16 4173. موز11 4174. موس15 4175. موش7 4176. موق13 4177. مول16 4178. موم14 4179. موه17 4180. موى2 4181. ميب4 4182. ميت4 4183. ميث9 4184. ميح14 4185. ميد19 4186. مير17 4187. ميز19 4188. ميس17 4189. ميش9 4190. ميط14 4191. ميع14 4192. ميل20 4193. ن7 4194. نأ1 4195. نأت5 4196. نأث5 4197. نأج9 4198. نأد6 4199. نأدل4 4200. نأش8 4201. نئف2 4202. نام1 4203. ناى1 4204. نب5 4205. نبأ16 4206. نبت17 4207. نبث13 4208. نبج11 4209. نبح16 4210. نبخ10 4211. نبذ19 4212. نبر15 4213. نبز15 4214. نبش13 4215. نبض14 4216. نبط20 4217. نبع19 4218. نبق14 4219. نبل18 4220. نبه14 4221. نبهرج3 4222. نبى2 4223. نبيق1 4224. نت2 4225. نتأ11 4226. نتب6 4227. نتج16 4228. نتح10 4229. نتخ10 4230. نتر14 4231. نتش14 4232. نتع8 4233. نتن13 4234. نث5 4235. نثت4 4236. نثر19 4237. نثل14 4238. نثى1 4239. نج3 4240. نجأ9 4241. نجب16 4242. نجث11 4243. نجح15 4244. نجد20 4245. نجذ13 4246. نجر17 4247. نجز17 4248. نجس17 4249. نجش17 4250. نجص1 4251. نجع17 4252. نجف14 4253. نجل17 4254. نجم20 4255. نجو10 4256. نح3 4257. نحب19 4258. نحث4 4259. نحر19 4260. نحز12 4261. نحس21 4262. نحف15 Prev. 100




1 مَاتَ, aor. يَمُوتُ, (inf. n. مَوْتٌ; Msb,) and مَاتَ, (originally مَوِتَ, like خَافَ, originally خَوِفَ, MF) [sec. per. مِتَّ,] aor. يَمَاتُ, (S, K,) which latter is of the dial. of Teiyi; (TA;) and مَاتَ, (in which the medial radical letter is originally ى, like بَاعَ, MF) aor. يَمِيتُ, (K,) a form which some have disapproved; (MF;) and مَاتَ, (originally مَوِتَ, Kr,) sec. Pers\. مِتَّ, aor. يَمُوتُ, like دَامَ, (originally دَوِمَ, Kr,) aor. يَدُومُ, (Kr, Msb, &c.,) and like the sound verbs نَعِمَ, aor. يَنْعُمُ, and فَضِلَ, aor. يَفْضُلُ, (TA,) of the class of words in which two dial. forms are intermixed; (Msb;) He died; contr. of حَيِى. (K,) b2: [مَاتَ عَنْ بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ He died having passed away from, i. e. leaving behind him, sons and daughters. And مَاتَ عَنْ ثَمَانِينَ سَنًة He died having passed beyond eighty years; i. e. being eighty years old.] b3: اللَّبَنُ لَا يَمُوتُ [The milk will not die], in a saying of 'Omar, in a trad., means, that if a child sucks the milk of a dead woman, it becomes unlawful for him afterwards to marry any of her relations who would be unlawful to him if he sucked her milk while she was living: or it means, that, if milk taken from the breast of a woman is given to a child to drink, and he drinks it, the consequence is the same; that the effect of the milk in producing this consequence is not annulled by its separation from the breast; for whatever is separated from a living being is termed ميت, or dead, except the milk and hair and wool on account of the necessity of making use of these. (TA.) b4: مَاتَتِ الأَرْضُ, inf. n. مَوَتَانٌ and مَوَاتٌ, (tropical:) The land became destitute of cultivation and of inhabitants. (Msb.) b5: مَاتَ (tropical:) It (soil) became deprived of vegetable life. Hence an expression in the Kur, xxx. 18. (Az, Er-Rághib.) b6: مَاتَ (tropical:) He became deprived of sensation; [dead as to the senses]. So in the Kur, xix. 23: [but this appears to me doubtful]. (Az, Er-Rághib.) b7: مَاتَ (tropical:) He became deprived of the intellectual faculty; [intellectually dead;] or ignorant. Hence an expression in the Kur, vi. 122; and another in the Kur, xxvii. 82; and xxx. 51. (Az, Er-Rághib.) b8: مَاتَ (tropical:) [He became as though dead with grief, or sorrow, and fear;] he experienced grief, or sorrow, and fear, that disturbed his life. Hence what is said in the Kur, xiv. 20. (Az, Er-Rághib.) b9: مَاتَ (tropical:) He or it, was or became, still, quiet, or motionless. (K.) b10: ماتَتِ الرِّيح (tropical:) The wind became still, or calm. (TA.) b11: مَاتَ (tropical:) He slept. (AA, K.) b12: مَاتَتِ النَّارُ, inf. n. مَوْتٌ, (tropical:) [The fire died away;] the ashes of the fire became cold, or cool, and none of its live coals remained. (TA.) b13: مَاتَ (tropical:) It (heat or cold) became assuaged. (TA.) b14: مَاتَ (tropical:) It (water) became dried up by the earth. (TA.) b15: مَاتَ (and ↓ استمات, TA.) (tropical:) It (a garment, TA,) wore out; became worn out. (A, K.) b16: مات (tropical:) It (a road) ceased to be passed along. (TA.) b17: بَلَدٌ تَمُوتُ فِيهِ الرِّيحُ [A town, or country, &c., in which the wind becomes broken, or loses its force]. (TA.) b18: مَاتَ فُوقُ الرَّجُلِ (tropical:) The man slept heavily; became heavy in his sleep. (TA.) b19: يَمُوتُ مِنَ الحَسَدِ (tropical:) [He dies, or will die, of envy]. (TA.) b20: مَاتَ (tropical:) He became poor; was reduced to poverty: he became a beggar. (TA.) b21: (tropical:) He became base, abject, vile, despicable, or ignominious. (TA.) b22: (tropical:) He became extremely aged, old and weak, or decrepit. (TA.) b23: (tropical:) He became disobedient, or rebellious. Iblees is said, in a trad., to be أَوَّلُ مَنْ مَاتَ because he was the first who became disobedient, or rebellious. (TA.) b24: مَاتَ (assumed tropical:) He (a man) became lowly, humble, or submissive, to the truth. (TA.) 2 مَوَّتَتِ الدَّوَابُّ The beasts of carriage died in great numbers; or deaths amongst them were frequent. (TA.) b2: See 4.3 مَاْوَتَ [ماوتهُ,] inf. n. مُمَاوَتَةٌ, He vied with him in patience, (K,) and in firmness, or steadiness, or the like. (TA.) [In the K, the inf. n. is expl. by مُصَابَرَة; and in the TA, by مُثَابَتَة also.]4 اماتهُ and ↓ موّتهُ (but the latter has an intensive signification, S,) He (God) caused him to die; put him to death; killed him. (S, K.) b2: امات (tropical:) He (a man) lost a son, or sons, by death. (ISk, S.) b3: امات فُلَانٌ بَنِينَ Such a man lost sons by death. (A.) b4: اماتت She (a woman, AO, S, K, and a camel, S, K.) lost her offspring by death. (S, K.) b5: اماتوا Death [or a mortal disease] happened among their camels. (K.) b6: مَا أَمْوَتَهُ signifies مَا أَمْوَتَ قَلْبَهُ [(tropical:) How dead is his heart !] for one does not wonder at any action that does not increase: (S, K:) therefore what is here meant is not literally death. (TA.) b7: اماتهُ (tropical:) He (God) rendered him poor; reduced him to poverty. (TA, from a trad.) b8: اماتهُ (tropical:) He [or it] caused him to sleep. Ex., in a prayer said on awaking, الحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِى أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا Praise be to God who hath awaked us after having caused us to sleep ! (L.) b9: يُمِيتُ اللَّيْلَ (assumed tropical:) He sleeps during the night. (W, p. 9.) b10: امات اللَّحْمَ, (and ↓ موّتهُ, TA,) He took extraordinary pains in thoroughly cooking, and in boiling, the meat. (K.) And in like manner, onions, and garlic, so as to deprive them of their strong taste and odour. (TA.) b11: أُمِيتَتِ الخَمْرُ The wine was cooked, and ceased to boil. (TA.) b12: [اماتهُ is also employed in various other senses, agreeably with the senses of the primitive verb.]6 ضَرَبْتُهُ فَتَمَاوَتَ (tropical:) I beat him and he feigned himself dead, being alive. (TA.) b2: (tropical:) He pretended to be weak and motionless by reason of acts of devotion and fasting: [see the act. part. n. below]. (TA.) 10 استمات [He sought death: &c.: see مُسْتَمِيتٌ]. b2: إِسْتَمِيتُوا صَيْدَكُمْ, and دَابَّتَكُمْ, Wait until ye ascertain that your game, and your beast of carriage, has died. (A.) b3: استمات [properly, He sought, or courted, death;] i. q. استقتل; (S, K; in art. قتل;) meaning he cared not for death, by reason of his courage. (JM, in art. قتل.) b4: استمات (assumed tropical:) He (a man) was pleased with death; content to die. (TA.) b5: استمات (assumed tropical:) He (a man, TA.) tried every way, or did his utmost, in seeking a thing. (IAar, K.) b6: استمات, inf. n. إِستِمَاتٌ, (occurring thus with the final ة elided, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He (a man, and a camel, IAar,) became fat after having been emaciated, (IAar, K.) b7: استمات (tropical:) It (a thing) became relaxed, loose, or flabby. (A.) b8: استمات لِينًا (assumed tropical:) It attained the utmost degree of softness: said of a fine skin, that is likened to the thin pellicle that adheres to the white of an egg: and of other things, as also استمات فِى اللِّينِ: and in like manner, فِى الصَّلَابَةِ, in hardness. (TA.) See مُسْتَمِيتٌ b9: And see 1.

مَوْتٌ (and ↓ مَوَتَانٌ, TA,) Death; lifelessness; contr. of حَيَاةٌ: (S, TA:) as also ↓ مُوَاتٌ, (S, K,) and ↓ مَمَاتٌ. [Occurring in the Kur, vi. 163, xvii. 77, and xlv. 20,] (S, * TA, in art. حى, and Jel, in vi. 163.) [See also مُوتَانٌ, below: and see 1.] Or ↓ مَوَتَانٌ, signifies much death, like as حَيَوَانٌ signifies much life. (Msb, in art. حى.) b2: المَوْتُ الأَبْيَضُ, and الجَارِفُ, and اللَّافِتُ, and الفَاتِلُ, Sudden death. (IAar, in T and TA, art. فلت.) b3: المَوْتُ الأَحْمَرُ Death by slaughter with the sword. (IAar, in T, TA, art. فلت.) b4: المَوْتُ الأَسْوَدُ Death by drowning, and by suffocation. (IAar, in T and TA, art. فلت.) b5: بَنَاتُ المَوْتِ (assumed tropical:) [The daughters of death;] meaning deadly arrows. (A, TA, voce جَعْبَةٌ, q. v.) مَيْتٌ: see مَيِّتٌ. b2: أَرْضٌ مَيْتَةٌ: see مَوَاتٌ: Unfruitful land; like as ارض حَيَّةٌ means fruitful land, or land abounding with herbage. (TA, in art. حى.) b3: مَيْتَةٌ Carrion: whatsoever hath not been killed in the manner prescribed by the law. (K, Jel, ii. 168.) See مَيِّتٌ.

مُوتَةٌ (tropical:) A fainting, or swoon; (K;) and languor in the intellect: (TA:) or [an affection] like a fainting, or swoon: (Lh:) madness, or insanity, or diabolical possession; syn. جُنُونٌ; (AO, K;) because it occasions a stillness like death: (TA:) or a kind of madness or diabolical possession (جُنُونٌ), and epilepsy, that befalls a man; on the recovery from which, his perfect reason returns to him, as to one who has been sleeping, and to one who has been drunk. (S.) [See هُمْزٌ.]

مِيتَةٌ A kind, mode, or manner, of death: (S, K:) pl. مِيَتٌ. (TA.) b2: مَاتَ فُلَانٌ مِيتَةً

حَسَنَةً Such a one died a good kind of death. (S.) b3: مَاتَ مِيتَةً جَاهِلِيَّةً He died a pagan kind of death, in error and disunion. (TA, from a trad.) مَوْتَانُ الفُؤَادِ (tropical:) A man who is [dead, or] not lively, in heart: (A:) a man who is stupid, dull, unexcitable, or not to be rendered brisk, sprightly, or lively; (S,. K;) as though the heat of his intelligence had cooled and died: (TA:) fem. with ة. (S, K.) b2: See مُوتَانٌ and مَوَاتٌ.

مُوتَانٌ (Fr, S, K) and ↓ مَوْتَانٌ (K) and ↓ مُوَاتٌ (Fr) Death, [or a mortal disease, or a murrain,] that befalls camels or sheep or the like. (Fr, S, K.) The first is of the dial. of Temeem: the second, of the dial. of others. (Et-Tilimsánee.) b2: وَقَعَ فِى المَالِ مُوتَانٌ, and ↓ مُوَاتٌ, Death [or a mortal disease] happened among the camels &c. (Fr.) b3: Also, The like among men. Ex., from a trad., يَكُونُ فِى النَّاسِ مُوتَانٌ كَقُعَاصِ الغَنَمِ There will be, among men, a mortality, or much death, [or mortal disease], like the قُعَاص that befalls sheep or goats. (TA.) مَوَتَانٌ (assumed tropical:) Inanimate things, or goods; dead stock; such as lands and houses [&c.]; (S;) contr. of حَيَوَانٌ [q. v.] (S, K.) It is made of this measure to agree in measure with its contr.

حيوان: both these words deviate from the constant course of speech; being of a measure properly belonging to inf. ns. (TA.) [See also مَوَاتٌ.] b2: إِشْتَرِ المَوَتَانَ وَلا تَشْتَرِ الحَيَوَانَ Buy lands and houses [or the like], and buy not slaves and beasts of carriage [&c.]. (S.) b3: رَجُلٌ يَبِيعُ المَوَتَانَ A man who sells utensils or furniture or the like, and anything but what has life. (L.) b4: See also مَوْتٌ.

مَوَاتٌ That wherein is no spirit or life; an inanimate thing. (S, K.) [See also مَوَتَانٌ.]

b2: مَوَاتٌ (you say أَرْضٌ مَوَاتٌ, TA,) (tropical:) Land that has no owner (S, K) of mankind, and of which no use is made, or from which no advantage is derived, (S,) and in which is no water: such as is also called ↓ أَرْضٌ مَيْتَةٌ: (En-Nawawee:) land that has not been sown, nor cultivated, nor occupied by any man's camels

&c.: ↓ مَوَتَانٌ signifies the same as مُوَاتٌ (مَوَاتٌ?), namely, land that is no man's property; and is also written مَوْتَانٌ: (L:) or مَوَتَانٌ signifies land that has not yet been brought into a state of cultivation: (Fr, S, L, K:) in a trad. it is said, that such land is the property of God and his Apostle; and whosoever brings into a state of cultivation such land, to him it belongs. (S.) مُوَاتٌ: see مَوْتٌ and مُوتَانٌ.

مَيِّتٌ and ↓ مَيْتٌ signify the same, [Dead, or dying]: (Zj, S, K:) the former is originally مَيْوِتٌ, of the measure فَيْعِلٌ: (S:) the latter is contracted from the former; and is both masc. and fem.; (Zj, S;) as is also the former. (Zj.) 'Adee Ibn-Er-Raalà says, ↓ لَيْسَ مَنْ مَاتَ فَاسْتَرَاحَ بِمَيْتٍ

إِنَّمَا المَيْتُ مَيِّتُ الأَحْيَآءِ [He who has died and become at rest is not dead: the dead is only the dead of the living]. (S, TA.) Or ↓ مَيْتٌ signifies One who has died (actually, TA,); and مَيِّتٌ, as also ↓ مَائِتٌ, one who has not yet died, (K,) but who is near to dying: or, accord. to a verse cited by AA, to Kh, مَيْتٌ is applied to him who is borne to the grave; [i. e., who is dead, or lifeless]; and مَيِّتٌ, to him who [is dying, but] has life in him. (TA.) Fr says, you say of him who has not died, إِنَّهُ مَائِتٌ, عَنْ قَلِيلٍ ↓ and مَيِّتٌ; but you do not say of him who has died ↓ هذا مَائِتٌ: (S:) but some say, that this is an error, and that مَيِّتٌ is applicable to that which will soon die. Those who assert that ميّت is applicable only to the living adduce the following words of the Kur, [xxxix. 31,] إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ: (TA:) i. e. Verily thou wilt die, and verily they will die. (Msb.) MF observes, that مَيْتٌ is asserted to be contracted from مَيِّتٌ; and if so, that there can be no difference in their meanings: that the making a difference between them is contrary to analogy; agreeably with which, they should be like هَيْنٌ and هَيِّنٌ, and لَيْنٌ and لَيِّنٌ: and also contrary to what has been heard from the Arabs; for they made no difference in their use of these two words. (TA.) [See also what is said of مَيْتَةٌ, below.] The pls. are أَمْوَاتٌ and مَوْتَى and مَيِّتُونَ and مَيْتُونَ. (S, K.) The first of these is pl. of مَيِّتٌ, and consequently of مَيْتٌ, because this latter is contracted from the former: as مَيِّتٌ is of the measure فَيْعِلٌ, and this measure resembles فَاعِلٌ, it has received a form of pl. which is sometimes applicable to the measure فاعل: (Sb:) or اموات is [only] pl. of مَيْتٌ. (Msb.) [The second form (which is applied to rational beings, Msb,) is also pl. of ميّت and ميت.] The third and fourth are [only] applied to rational beings. (Msb.) The fem. epithet is مَيِّتَةٌ and مَيْتَةٌ and مَيِّتٌ (K, TA) and مَيْتٌ. (TA; and so in some copies of the K, in the place of مَيِّتٌ.) مَيِّتَةٌ is an epithet applied to a female rational being; [and its pl. is مَيِّتَاتٌ:] مَيْتَةٌ, to a female brute, for the sake of distinction; and its pl. is مَيْتَاتٌ: the latter is contracted because it is more in use than the former epithet applied to a female rational being: (Msb:) the pl. of ميّت and ميت as fem. epithets is as above [أَمْوَاتٌ and مَوْتَى]. (TA.) b2: ↓ مَيْتَةٌ signifies That which has not been slaughtered (AA, S, K) [in the manner prescribed by the law, i. e., carrion]: or that of which the life has departed without slaughter: so in the classical language and in the language of practical law: all such is unlawful to be eaten, except fish and locusts, which are lawful by universal consent of the Muslims: (En-Nawawee:) or, in the common acceptation of the language of law, what has died a natural death, or been killed in a state or manner different from that prescribed by the law, either the agent or the animal killed not being such as is so prescribed; as that which is sacrificed to an idol, or slaughtered [by a person] in the state of إِحْرَام, or not by having the throat cut, and that which it is unlawful to eat, such as a dog: (Msb:) [and any separated part of an animal of which the flesh is not lawful food: see عَاجٌ.] b3: بَلَدٌ مَيِّتٌ A tract of land without herbage, or pasture, (Msb, in art. بلد.) b4: مَيِّتٌ (assumed tropical:) An unbeliever; like as حَىٌّ means a Muslim. (TA, in art. حى.) مَيِّتٌ and مَيْتٌ are employed in various other senses, agreeably with the senses of the verb.]

مَائِتٌ: see مَيِّتٌ. b2: فُلَانٌ مَائِتٌ فى الغَمِّ (tropical:) [Such a one is dying, or absorbed, in grief]. (TA.) b3: مَوْتٌ مَائِتٌ A severe, painful, or violent, death: (TA:) like لَيْلٌ لَائِلٌ: the latter word being added to corroborate the former. (S.) مَمَاتٌ: see مَوْتٌ.

مُمِيتٌ and مُمِيتَةٌ (tropical:) A woman, and a she-camel, that has lost her offspring by death: (S:) and a woman who has lost her husband by death: (TA:) pl. مَمَاوِيتُ. (S.) مُتَمَاوِتٌ (tropical:) [Feigning himself dead]. b2: (tropical:) An epithet applied to A hypocritical devotee, (S, K,) who pretends to be like one dead in his devotion, who lowers his voice, and moves little: as though he were one who put on the outward appearance of devotees, and constrained himself to characterize himself by the characteristics of the dead, that he might be imagined to be weak by reason of much devotion. (TA.) مُسْتَمِيتٌ A courageous man, who seeks, or courts death: (K:) a man who seeks to be slain; who cares not, in war, for death: (S:) abandon-ing, or devoting, himself to death, (مسْتَرْسِلٌ لِلْمَوْتِ,) as also مُسْتَقْتِلٌ. (A.) b2: (assumed tropical:) Abandoning, or devoting himself to a thing, or affair; syn. مُسْتَرْسِلٌ لِأَمْرٍ. (S, K.) b3: هَوَ مُسْتَمِيتٌ إِلَى كَذَا, as also مُسْتَهْلِكٌ, (tropical:) He [is devoted to such a thing, so that he] imagines that he shall die if he do not attain it. (A.) b4: Ru-beh says, وَزَبَدُ البَحْرِ لَهُ كَتِيتُ وَاللَّيْلُ فَوْقَ المَاءِ مُسْتَمِيتُ [And to the froth of the sea there was a sound like that of boiling, and night impended over the water]. (S.) [It is implied in the S that مستميت here signifies مُسْتَرْسِل.] b5: (assumed tropical:) One who feigns himself to be insane, or possessed by a devil; not being really so. (TA.) b6: (assumed tropical:) One who feigns lowliness, or submissiveness, in voice, &c., to this man until he feeds him, and to this until he feeds him, and, when he is satiated, is ungrateful to his benefactors. (TA.) b7: (assumed tropical:) One who makes a show of being good and quiet or tranquil, and is not so in reality. (Ibn-El-Mubárak.) A2: مُسْتَمِيتٌ The thin pellicle that adheres to the white of an egg. (K.) [See 10: and see also مُسْتَمِيثٌ, in art. ميث.]
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