Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2326. صبن12 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب15 2330. صحر16 2331. صحف202332. صحل9 2333. صحم7 2334. صحن15 2335. صحو11 2336. صخ4 2337. صخب12 2338. صخد11 2339. صخر13 2340. صخم4 2341. صد5 2342. صدأ14 2343. صدح12 2344. صدر22 2345. صدع20 2346. صدغ16 2347. صدف20 2348. صدق20 2349. صدل6 2350. صدم16 2351. صدن8 2352. صدو3 2353. صدى9 2354. صر6 2355. صرب14 2356. صرج11 2357. صرح19 2358. صرخ12 2359. صرد18 2360. صرط13 2361. صرع16 2362. صرف27 2363. صرم20 2364. صرى7 2365. صطب9 2366. صعب15 2367. صعتر6 2368. صعد21 2369. صعر18 2370. صعط5 2371. صعق17 2372. صعل11 2373. صعلك13 2374. صعو9 2375. صغر18 2376. صغو7 2377. صف5 2378. صفح19 2379. صفد15 2380. صفر21 2381. صفرد6 2382. صفط2 2383. صفع11 2384. صفق19 2385. صفن21 2386. صفو13 2387. صقب13 2388. صقر17 2389. صقع15 2390. صقل14 2391. صك3 2392. صكم10 2393. صل5 2394. صلب19 2395. صلت14 2396. صلح17 2397. صلخ10 2398. صلد17 2399. صلط7 2400. صلع16 2401. صلغ14 2402. صلف17 2403. صلق16 2404. صلم17 2405. صلهب6 2406. صلو9 2407. صلى8 2408. صم4 2409. صمت17 2410. صمج7 2411. صمخ13 2412. صمد14 2413. صمر13 2414. صمع18 2415. صمغ14 2416. صمقر3 2417. صملخ7 2418. صمي7 2419. صن4 2420. صنب9 2421. صنبر12 2422. صنج16 2423. صند9 2424. صندق6 2425. صندل9 Prev. 100




2 تَصْحِيفٌ signifies (primarily, Msb) The making a mistake (S, O, Msb, K, TA) in a صَحِيفَة, (S, O, K, TA,) by reason of the ambiguity, or dubiousness, of the letters: a postclassical term: (TA:) or the reading a thing in a manner at variance with what the writer intended, or at variance with the conventional usage thereof: (Mgh:) a secondary signification is the altering a word, or an expression, in such a manner that the meaning intended by the application [thereof] becomes altered: (Msb:) or it consists in the altering of a diacritical point [or points]; as in النفى for النقى, or vice versâ: (KT, after التَّحْرِيفُ:) one says, صحّف اللَّفْظَ He altered the word, or expression, [in such a manner that the meaning intended by the application thereof became altered, or] so that it became dubious [to the reader]. (Msb.) [See also تَحْرِيف, in the first paragraph of art. حرف.]4 أُصْحِفَ It had صُحُف [i. e. written pieces of paper or of skin] (S, O, K, TA) collected in it, (S, O,) or put in it (K, TA) between two boards. (TA.) 5 تصحّف, said of a word, or an expression, It became altered [so as to have a meaning different from that intended by the application thereof, (see 2,) or] so as to be dubious. (Msb.) One says, تصحّف عَلَيْهِ لَفْظُ كَذَا [Such a word, or such an expression, became altered so as to be dubious to him]. (O, K. *) صَحْفَةٌ [A sort of bowl;] a vessel like the قَصْعَةٌ, (S, ISd, O, Msb, K, * TA,) expanded, wide, (ISd, TA,) or a large, expanded قَصْعَة, (Mgh,) or, accord. to Z, an oblong قَصْعَة, (Msb,) that satisfies the hunger of five [men] (Ks, S, ISd, Mgh, O, TA) and the like of them: (ISd, TA:) Ks says, (S, O,) the largest sort of قَصْعَة is the جَفْنَة; next to which is the قَصْعَة [properly so called], (S, O, K,) which satisfies the hunger of ten [men]; (S, O;) then, the صَحْفَة, (S, O, K,) which satisfies the hunger of five; (S, O;) then, the مِئْكَلَة, (S, O, K,) which satisfies two men, and three; (S, O;) and then, the ↓ صُحَيْفَة, (S, O, K,) which satisfies one man: (S, O:) the pl. of صَحْفَةٌ is صِحَافٌ. (S, O, Mgh, Msb.) It is said in a prov., اِسْتَفْرَغَ فُلَانٌ مَا فِى صَحْفَتِهِ Such a one chose for himself, as his share, [or exhausted, all of] what was in his صحفة. (TA.) صَحَفِىٌّ One who makes mistakes in reading the صَحِيفَة [or writing, or written piece of paper or of skin]; incorrectly termed by the vulgar صُحُفِىٌّ, with two dammehs; (O, K;) [for the formation of a rel. n. from a pl. of this kind (i. e. from صُحُفٌ) is not allowable,] though the pl. is not restored to the sing. in forming the rel. n. in the case of proper names, such as أَنْمَارِىٌّ &c., nor in the case of words that are used in a manner like that of proper names, such as أَنْصَارِىٌ &c.: (O:) or a learner, or one who acquires knowledge, (Mgh, Msb,) from the صَحِيفَة, (Mgh,) inferior [in rank] to the مَشَايِخِ [pl. of شَيْخٌ]: (Msb:) a rel. n. from صَحِيفَةٌ; (Mgh, Msb;) like حَنَفِىٌّ and بَجَلِىٌّ from حَنِيفَةُ and بَجِيلَةُ: (Msb:) and ↓ مُصَحِّفٌ signifies the same as صَحَفِىٌّ [in the former of these senses]. (TA.) صِحَافٌ Small places that are made for water to collect and remain therein (مَنَاقِعُ صِغَارٌ تُتَّخَذُ لِلْمَآءِ): pl. صُحُفٌ. (Esh-Sheybánee, O, K.) صَحِيفٌ [appears from what here follows, to be syn. with ↓ صَحِيفَةٌ, or rather it is a coll. gen. n. of which the latter is the n. un.:] (tropical:) The surface of the ground or earth; (O, K, TA;) as being likened to the thing [i. e. paper or skin] that is written upon. (TA.) b2: See also the next paragraph.

صَحِيفَةٌ A written piece of paper (MA, Mgh, Msb) or of skin; (Msb;) a writing, or thing written; a book, or volume; a letter, i. e. an epistle; syn. كِتَابٌ; (S, O, K;) [syn. with كِتَابٌ in all of these senses; in the last of them in an anecdote related in Freytag's Arab. Prov. i.

721-2, and in Har p. 119, q. v.;] and a [portion of a book, such as is termed] كُرَّاسَة; and a register; [for] in the إِنْقَاع [a title of several books, it is said that] the كُرَّاسَة and ↓ مُصْحَف and صَحِيفَة and كِتَاب and دَفْتَر are one: (MA:) pl. صُحُفٌ (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and صُحْفٌ, a contraction of the former, (TA,) and صَحَائِفُ, (S, O, Msb, K,) like سَفَائِنُ pl. of سَفِينَةٌ; (Lth, O;) the first of these pls. anomalous, (Lth, Sb, O, K,) the sing. being likened to قَضِيتٌ (Sb, O, TA) and قَلِيبٌ (Sb, TA) and رَغِيفٌ, (O,) of which the pls. are قُضُبٌ (Sb, O, TA) and قُلُبٌ (Sb, TA) and رُغُفٌ: (O:) [or صَحِيفٌ may be its original, as well as regular, sing.:] see the next preceding paragraph. صُحُفِ إِبْرٰهِيمَ وَمُوسَى, in the Kur [lxxxvii. last verse], means [In the books of Abraham and Moses; i. e.] the books revealed to Abraham and Moses. (O.) [صَحِيفَةٌ also means The record of the actions of anyone, that is kept in heaven: (see رَقٌّ:) one says, صَحِيفَنُهُ سَوْدَآءُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) The record of his actions is black; a phrase often used in the present day, in speaking of a bad man.] Mohammad [the Hanafee Imám] speaks of صُحُف not written upon; saying, فَإِنْ كَانَتِ السَّرِقَةُ صُحُفًا لَيْسَ فِيهَا كِتَابٌ [And if the stolen property be papers, or books, not having any writing upon them]. (Mgh. [See, again, رَقٌّ.]) b2: صَحِيفَةٌ signifies also A plank, board, or leaf, of a door; like صَحَائِفُ [from which it is perhaps formed by transposition, or it may be tropical in this sense]: pl. صَحِيفٌ. (MA.) b3: Also (tropical:) The external skin, or scarf-skin, of the face: (O, TA:) or as some say, the part thereof that fronts one: pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.]

↓ صَحِيفٌ; or this may be used, in a verse in which it occurs, for صَحِيفَة. (TA.) b4: One says also صَحَائِفُ مِنْ شَحْمٍ [meaning (assumed tropical:) Layers of fat]. (A in art. نير.) صُحَيْفَةٌ: see صَحْفَةٌ.

صَحَّافٌ [A bookseller;] a seller of صُحُف: or [a bookbinder;] a maker [meaning binder] of صُحُف. (TA.) مَصْحَفٌ: see what next follows.

مُصْحَفٌ (Th, S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and ↓ مِصْحَفٌ (Th, S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ مَصْحَفٌ; (Th, O, K;) the first of which is the original, (Fr, S, O, Msb,) being from أُصْحِفَ meaning as expl. above, and one of certain words that are pronounced by [some of] the Arabs with kesr to the م instead of damm because the latter is deemed by them difficult of utterance, of which words are also مِخْدَعٌ and مِطْرَفٌ and مِغْزَلٌ and مِجْسَدٌ, (Fr, S, O,) or, accord. to Az, Temeem pronounce the م with kesr, and Keys pronounce it with damm, [as do most persons in the instance of مصحف in the present day,] and Th says that مَصْحَفٌ, with fet-h, is correct and chaste; (O;) [A book, or volume, consisting of] a collection of صُحُف, (S, Mgh, O, K, TA,) written upon, and put between two boards: (TA:) [generally applied in the present day to a copy of the Kur-án:] and also signifying a [portion of a book, such as is termed]

كُرَّاسَة: but the former is the primary [and more common] signification: (Mgh:) pl. مَصَاحِفُ. (KL.) See also صَحِيفَةٌ.

مِصْحَفٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُصَحِّفٌ: see صَحَفِىٌّ.
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