Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
4056. مزن16 4057. مزو3 4058. مس4 4059. مسأ9 4060. مستوتى1 4061. مسح224062. مسخ16 4063. مسد15 4064. مسك19 4065. مسل9 4066. مسى5 4067. مش5 4068. مشت3 4069. مشج15 4070. مشط15 4071. مشل6 4072. مشن8 4073. مشى4 4074. مص4 4075. مصت6 4076. مصح11 4077. مصخ8 4078. مصد9 4079. مصر19 4080. مصع14 4081. مصل12 4082. مض4 4083. مضح8 4084. مضر12 4085. مضرح3 4086. مضغ18 4087. مضف1 4088. مضى8 4089. مط4 4090. مطأ4 4091. مطث1 4092. مطر16 4093. مطق9 4094. مطل16 4095. مطى3 4096. مظ3 4097. مع6 4098. معت5 4099. معج11 4100. معد15 4101. معر13 4102. معز16 4103. معس10 4104. معص10 4105. معط15 4106. معق8 4107. معك15 4108. معل9 4109. معن18 4110. معى5 4111. مغث13 4112. مغج5 4113. مغد9 4114. مغر14 4115. مغس7 4116. مغص15 4117. مغط11 4118. مغنطس1 4119. مقأ2 4120. مقت15 4121. مقد6 4122. مقر15 4123. مقط14 4124. مقل17 4125. مكأ5 4126. مكت6 4127. مكث17 4128. مكد9 4129. مكر22 4130. مكس18 4131. مكن18 4132. مكو8 4133. مل4 4134. ملأ14 4135. ملب3 4136. ملت5 4137. ملث11 4138. ملج16 4139. ملح19 4140. ملخ12 4141. ملد13 4142. ملذ11 4143. ملز9 4144. ملس16 4145. ملص16 4146. ملط17 4147. ملع9 4148. ملق17 4149. ملك21 4150. ملى1 4151. من14 4152. منأ10 4153. منجن3 4154. منجنيق3 4155. منح16 Prev. 100
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مسح

1 مَسَحَ شَيْئًا, aor. مَسَحَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ; and ↓ مسّحهُ, inf. n تَمْسِيحٌ; He wiped a thing that was wet or dirty, with his hand, or passed his hand over it to remove the wet or dirt that was upon it: (L:) مَسْحٌ and تَمْسِيحٌ and ↓ تَمَسُّحٌ signifying the passing the hand over a thing that is flowing [with water or the like], or dirtied, soiled, or polluted, to remove the fluid or dirt, or soil or pollution; (L, K;) as when one wipes his head with his hand to remove water; and his forehead, to remove sweat. (L.) [It often signifies He stroked a thing with his hand; as, for instance, the Black Stone of the Kaabeh; see below.] b2: مَسَحَ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ المَآءِ; and جَبِينَهُ الرَّشَحِ; He wiped his head with his hand to remove the water that was upon it; and his forehead to remove the sweat. (L.) b3: مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ (S) He wiped with his hand, or passed his hand closely over, his head, or a part thereof, without making any water to flow upon it: so in the Kur, v. 8; where it is said, فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ

إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ: here أَرْجُلَكُمْ is in the acc. case as an adjunct to ايديكم; [i.e., as a third objective complement to the verb اغسلوا; not as an adjunct to رؤوسكم;] but some read أَرْجُلِكُمْ, putting it in the gen. case because of its proximity to رؤوسكم; (Jel;) [in like manner as خَرِبٍ is put in the gen. case in the phrase هٰذَا جُحْرُ ضَبٍّ خَرِبٍ, an ex. given by many of the grammarians, showing that this is allowable in prose,] notwithstanding that it is said, by Aboo-Is-hák the grammarian, that the putting a noun in the gen. case because of its proximity to a preceding noun in that case is not allowable except in poetry, when necessity requires it: (L:) the head, which is wiped, is mentioned between the arms and the feet, which are washed, to show the order which is to be observed in the purification. (Jel.) But مَسَحَ signifies both he wiped with the hand, and also he washed: so says IAth: (L:) and Az and IKt say the like: (Msb:) you say مَسَحْتُ يَدَىَّ بالمَآءِ, meaning I washed my hands with water. (Az, Msb.) b4: مَسَحَ شَيْئًا بِالمَآءِ He wiped a thing with his hand wetted with water; passed his hand, wetted with water, over a thing. (Msb.) b5: مَسَحَ البَيْت He compassed the House [of God, i.e. the Kaabeh: because he who does so passes his hand over the corner in which is the Black Stone]. (L.) b6: مَسَحَ اللّٰهُ عَنْكَ مَا بِكَ May God remove that which is in thee! (L;) or, wash and cleanse thee from thy sins! (TA, art. مصح.) A prayer for a sick person. (L, from a trad.) b7: مَسَحَهُ He anointed him or it with oil. (A.) b8: مُسِحَ بِالكَرَمِ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ, (tropical:) He was characterized by somewhat, or by some sign or mark, of nobility. (L.) [See مَسْحَةٌ.] b9: مَسَحَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ, He combed and dressed hair; syn. مَشَطَ. (K.) b10: مَسْحُ اللُّحِىَ [The stroking of the beards] was a sign of reconciliation. (S, O, in art. عق: see عَقُ بِالسَّهْمِ.) b11: مَسَحَهُ, or مَسَحَهُ بِالمَعْرُوفِ, i. e. بالمعروف مِنَ القَوْلِ, (L,) inf. n. مَسْحٌ; (L, K;) and ↓ مسّحهُ, (L,) inf. n. تَمْسِيحٌ; (L, K;) He spoke to him good words, deceiving, or beguiling, him therein, (L, K,) and giving him nothing. (L.) b12: فُلَانٌ يَمْسَحُ رَأْسَ زَيْدٍ (tropical:) Such a one beguiles, or deceives, Zeyd. (A.) [See also 3.] b13: مَسَحَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ and تَمْسَاحٌ He lied; uttered what was false. (K.) b14: مَسَحَ فِى الأَرْضِ, inf. n. مُسُوحٌ, He set forth journeying through the land, or earth: (A'Obeyd, K: *) as also مَصَحَ. (TA.) b15: مَسَحَهُمْ (tropical:) He passed lightly by them, or brushed by them, without remaining by them. (L.) b16: مَسِحَ, [aor. مَسَحَ,] inf. n. مَسَحٌ, The inner sides of his (a man's, S) thighs rubbed together, (S, L, K,) so as to become sore and chapped: (L:) or he had the inner side of his knee inflamed by the roughness of his garment. (L, K.) b17: مَسَحَ الإِبِلَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ (tropical:) He made the camels to journey all the day long: and he made the backs of the camels to be wounded by the saddles, and emaciated them; as also ↓ مَسَّحَهَا, inf. n. تَمْسِيحٌ: (K:) and in the latter sense you say مَسَحَ النَّاقَةَ, and ↓ مسّحها. (TA.) b18: مَسَحَتِ الإِبِلُ يَوْمَهَا (tropical:) The camels journeyed all the day. (S.) مَسَحَتِ الإِبِلُ الأَرْضَ يَوْمَهَا دَأْبًا (tropical:) The camels journeyed all the day laboriously. (TA.) A2: مَسَحَ, (S,) inf. n. مَسْحٌ (K) and مِسَاحَةٌ, (S, K,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Msb,) (tropical:) He measured land. (S, K.) A3: مَسَحَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ, (tropical:) He cut, or severed: and he struck, or smote: (K:) he severed the neck, and the arm. (TA.) مَسَحَ عُنُقَهُ and بِعُنُقِهِن, aor. مَسَحَ, inf. n. مَسْحٌ, He smote his neck: or, as some say, severed it, or cut it through. Agreeably with both these significations مَسْحًا is rendered in the Kur, xxxviii. 32: some say that what is here meant is the wiping with the hand wetted with water: accord. to IAth, Solomon is here said to have smitten the necks and hock-tendons of the horses. (L.) [See art. طفق.] مَسَحَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ He smote him with the sword: (L:) and he cut him with the sword: (S, L:) or مَسَحَهُ signifies he struck him gently with a staff, or stick, and with a sword. (TA in art. دهن.) b2: See 8. b3: Also مَسَحَهُمْ He slew them. (L.) A4: مَسَحَهُ, (inf. n. مَسْحٌ, K,) He (God) created him blessed, (AHeyth, K,) and goodly: (AHeyth:) b2: and, contr., created him accursed, (AHeyth, K,) and foul, or ugly. (AHeyth.) A5: مَسَحَ, (S,) inf. n. مَسْحٌ, (K,) (tropical:) Inivit feminam. (S, K.) 2 مَسَّحَ see 1, in four places.3 ماسحهُ (tropical:) He took him by the hand; applied the palm of his hand to the palm of the other's hand. (TA.) b2: (tropical:) He made a compact, or covenant, with him. (TA.) b3: مَاسَحَا (tropical:) They used blandishing, soothing, or wheedling, words, one to the other, deceiving thereby; (K;) their hearts not being sincere. (TA.) You say غَضِبَ فَمَاسَحْتُهُ حَتَّى لَانَ (tropical:) He was angry, and I coaxed, or wheedled, him until he became gentle, or mild. (TA.) [See also 1.]5 تمسّح بِالمَآءِ He washed himself with water. (A, Z.) b2: تمسّح (tropical:) He performed the ablution called الوُضُوْء. (IAth.) b3: تمسّح بِالأَرْضِ (S, L) (tropical:) He performed the action termed التَّيَمُّم: or he made his forehead to touch the ground in prostration, without anything intervening. (L.) b4: فُلَانٌ يُتَمَسَّحُ بِثَوْبِهِ (tropical:) Such a one has his garment passed over men's persons as a means of their advancing themselves in the favour of God: (L:) [i.e., he is a holy man, from the touch of whose garment a blessing is derived: see St. Matthew's Gospel, ix., 20 and 21]. فُلَانٌ يُتَمَسَّحُ بِهِ (tropical:) Such a one is a person by means of whom one looks for a blessing (بُتَبَرَّكُ بِهِ,) by reason of his excellence, (K,) and his devotion; (TA;) as though one advanced himself in the favour of God by approaching him. (L.) [See also an ex. voce رُكْنٌ.] b5: فُلَانٌ يَتَمَسَّحُ (tropical:) Such a one has nothing with him, or in his possession; as though he wiped his arms with his hands: (K:) [for it is a custom of the Arabs to do thus as an indication of having nothing.] b6: تمسّح He wiped himself, مِنْ شَىْءٍ to remove a thing, and بِشَىْءٍ, with a thing. (L.) [See also 1.]6 تَمَاسَحَا (tropical:) They acted in a friendly or sincere manner, one to the other; syn. تَصَادَقَا: or they made a contract, or bargain, one with the other, and each struck the palm of the other's hand with the palm of his own hand [to confirm it], (K,) and swore to the other. (TA.) b2: تَمَاسَحُوا (tropical:) They took one another by the hand. (TA.) 8 امتسح He drew a sword (K) from its scabbard; as also ↓ مَسَحَ. (TA.) مَسْحٌ i. q. بَلَاسٌ; (S, K;) i.e., A garment of thick, or coarse, hair-cloth: so in the T: and a piece of such stuff as is spread in a house or tent: (TA:) a بلاس such as is worn by monks: (Mgh:) a كِسَآء of hair-cloth: (L:) an old and worn-out garment: (Kull:) pl. أَمْسَاحٌ and مُسُوحٌ; (S;) the former a pl. of pauc., and the latter a pl. of mult. (L.) b2: مِسْحٌ The main part, and middle, of a road; syn. جَادَّةٌ: (K:) pl. أَمْسَاحٌ (TA) and مُسُوحٌ. (K.) مَسَحٌ, a subst., Paucity of flesh in the posteriors and thighs; or smallness of the buttocks, and their sticking together; or paucity of flesh in the thighs; syn. رَسَحٌ. (L.) عَلَى فُلَانٍ مَسْحَةٌ مِنْ جَمَالٍ, (S, K,) or ↓ مِسْحَةٌ, (L,) (tropical:) Upon such a one there appears somewhat of beauty; (L, K;) or, some sign, or mark, or trait, of beauty: (L:) and مسحةُ كَرَمٍ, some sign, or mark, trait, or indication, of nobility; and the like: a mode of expression said, by Sh, to be used only in praise; so that you do not say عَلَيْهِ مسحةُ قُبْحٍ: (L:) but you say also بِهِ مسحةٌ مِنْ هُزَالٍ in him is somewhat, or some sign, or mark, of leanness; (L, K;) which is a phrase of the Arabs mentioned by Az. (L.) b2: مَسْحَةٌ in the cheek of a horse: see صِفَاحٌ.

مِسْحَةٌ: see مَسْحَةٌ.

مَسِيحٌ Anointed: wiped over with some such thing as oil. (K.) b2: A king. (El-'Eynee.) b3: المَسِيحُ [The Messiah, the Christ, the Anointed,] Jesus, on whom be peace ! (S, Msb, K,) [correctly] an arabicized word, [from the Hebrew,] originally مَشِيحَا, with ش: (T, Msb:) but the learned differ as to this word, whether it be Arabic or arabicized: F relates, in the K, his having mentioned, in his Expos. of the Meshárik el-Anwár, fifty opinions respecting the derivation of it; and in another work he has made the number fifty-six. (TA.) b4: Also, (K,) or المَسِيحُ الكَذَّابُ, (S,) or ↓ المِسِّيحُ, (K,) [The Messiah, or Christ, surnamed the Great Liar; the False Christ; Antichrist; also called] EdDejjál, الدَّجَّالُ: (S, K:) it is not allowable, however, to apply to him the appellation المَسِيحُ without restriction; wherefore one says المَسِيحُ الدَّجَّالُ [or الكَذَّابُ]; (TA;) [unless in a case like the following, in which] a poet says إِذَا المَسِيحُ يَقْتُلُ المَسِيحَ [When the true Messiah shall slay the false Messiah] (Msb.) [Many opinions respecting the derivation of the appellation thus applied are also mentioned by various authors.] b5: مَسِيحٌ Sweat: (T, S, K:) so called because it is wiped off (يُمْسَحُ) when it pours forth. (T.) b6: مَسِيحٌ (tropical:) A dirhem [or silver coin] of which the impression is obliterated; syn. أَطْلَسُ; (S, Msb, K;) having no impression. (Msb.) b7: مَسِيحٌ (S, K) and ↓ مَسِيحَةٌ (TA) A piece of silver. (As, S, K.) b8: مَسِيحٌ. (tropical:) i. q. مَمْسُوحُ الوَجْهِ, (K,) i.e., A man having one side of his face plain, without eye or eyebrow: said to apply in this sense to EdDejjál, among others. (IF, L.) b9: One-eyed. (Az.) [See also أَمْسَحُ.] b10: مَسِيحٌ A rough napkin, or kerchief, with which one wipes himself: (L, K:) so called because the face is wiped with it, or because it retains the dirt. (TA.) [A dusting-cloth, or dish-clout, or the like, is now called ↓ مِمْسَحَةٌ.] b11: مَسِيحٌ Beautiful in the face. (TA.) b12: مَسِيحٌ One who journeys or goes about much for the sake of devotion, or as a devotee; as also ↓ مِسِّيحٌ (K,) and ↓ أَمْسَحُ, (TA,) the fem. of which is مَسْحَآءُ. (K, TA.) See مَسَّاحٌ.

A2: مَسِيحٌ (tropical:) Multum coiens; as also ↓ مَاسِحٌ. (K.) b2: مَسِيحٌ Erring greatly. (TA.) b3: مَسِيحٌ A great liar; one who lies much; as also ↓ مَاسِحٌ and ↓ مِمْسَحٌ (K) and ↓ تِمْسَحٌ (Lh, K) and ↓ أَمْسَحُ, (TA,) the fem. of which last is مَسْحَآءُ. (K, TA.) See مَاسِحٌ.

A3: مَسِيحٌ Very veracious; syn. صِدِّيقٌ: (K, L, TA: in the CK صَدِيقٌ:) a meaning unknown to many of the lexicologists, and probably obsolete in their time. (L.) A4: مَسِيحٌ Created blessed, and goodly; (L;) created (مَمْسُوحٌ) with blessing, or prosperity: (K:) b2: and, contr., created accursed, and foul, or ugly; (L;) created with unfortunateness. (K.) مِسَاحَةٌ (tropical:) Mensuration of land. (Msb.) [See also 1.] b2: See also تَكْسِيرٌ.

مَسِيحَةٌ i. q. ذُؤَابَةٌ, [a portion, or lock, of hair hanging down loosely from the middle of the head to the back; or the hair of the fore part of the head; the hair over the forehead; or the part whence that hair grows; or a plait of hair hanging down; &c.]: (S, L, K:) or hair that is left without its being dressed with oil or anything else: or that part of a man's head that is between the ear and the eyebrow, rising to the part below that where the sutures of the scull unite: or that part of the side of the hair upon which a man puts his hand, next to his ear: or the hair of each side of the head: pl. مَسَائِحُ: or مسائح signifies the place which a man wipes with his hand: or, accord. to As, the hair: or, accord. to Sh, the hair which one wipes with his hand, upon his cheek and his head. (L.) b2: See مَسِيحٌ.

A2: مَسِيحَةٌ A bow: (S, K:) or an excellent bow: (L.) pl. مَسَائحُ. (S, K.) مَسَّاحٌ (tropical:) A measurer of land; (TA;) as also ↓ مَسِيحٌ. (L.) مِسِّيحٌ and المِسِّيحُ: see مَسِيحٌ.

بِهِ مَاسِحٌ He (a camel) has a fretting of the edge of the callosity upon his breast, produced by his elbow, without making it bleed: if he make it bleed, you say بِهِ حَازٌّ: (S, L:) and he has a chafing of his arm-pit produced by his elbow, but not violent, by reason of the disease called ضَاغِط. (L.) b2: See مَسِيحٌ. b3: مَاسِحٌ and ↓ مَسِيحٌ A great slayer; one who slays much, or many. (Az, L.) مَاسِحَةٌ A woman who combs and dresses hair; syn. مَاشِطَةٌ. (S.) أَمْسَحُ A flat place, with small pebbles, and without plants, or herbage. (S.) b2: مَسْحَآءُ A plain tract of land, with small pebbles, (S, K,) and without plants, or herbage: (S:) [ex.] مَرَرْتُ بِخَرِيقٍ مِنَ الأَرْضِ بِيْنَ مَسْحَاوَيْنِ [I passed by a depressed tract of land containing herbage between two plain tracts containing small pebbles and without herbage]: (Fr, S:) or a piece of flat ground, bare, abounding with pebbles, containing no trees nor herbage, rugged, somewhat hard, like a flat place in which camels &c. are confined, or in which dates are dried, not what is termed قُفّ, nor what is termed سَهْلَة: (ISh:) pl. مَسَاحٍ and مَسَاحى [i. e. مَسَاحَى or مَسَاحِىُّ]; pl. forms proper to substs.; as it is an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates. (L.) b3: Also مَسْحآءُ Red land. (K.) b4: مَسْحَآءُ A woman having little flesh in her posteriors and thighs; or foul, ugly, or unseemly; syn. رَسْحَآءُ. (S.) [In the K., الأَرْضُ الرَّسْحَآءُ, given as an explanation of المَسْحَآءُ, is an evident mistake for المَرْأَةُ الرَّسْحَآءُ, as observed by Freytag.] b5: أَمْسَحُ, or أَمْسَحُ القَدَمِ, A man having a flat sole to his foot, without any hollow: (L:) fem. مَسْحَآءُ: (L, K:) and ↓ مَسِيحٌ, or القَدَمَيْنِ ↓ مَسِيحُ, signifies the same: and also having smooth and soft feet, without fissures or chaps, so that they repel water when it falls upon them. (L.) b6: Also مَسْحَآءُ, (K,) or مسحآءُ الثَّدْىِ, (L,) A woman whose breast has no bulk. (L, K.) b7: Also مَسْحَآءُ A one-eyed woman: [see also مَسِيحٌ:] and such as is termed بِخْقَآءُ, whose eye is not مُلَوَّزَة: so in [most of] the copies of the K., but in some, بِلَّوْرَة: (TA:) [the meaning seems to be whose eye has no crystalline humour]. b8: أَمْسَحُ A man having little flesh in his posteriors and thighs; or having small buttocks sticking together; syn. ارسح: fem. مَسْحَآءُ: pl. مُسْحٌ. (L.) b9: أَمْسَحَ A man (S) having the inner sides of his thighs rubbing together (S, L, K) so as to become sore and chapped: (L:) or having the inner side of his knee inflamed by the roughness of his garment: (L, K:) fem. مَسْحَآءُ, and pl. مُسْحٌ. (L.) b10: غَارَةٌ مَسْحَآءُ (tropical:) A hostile attack, or incursion, by a troop of horse, in which the attacking party passes lightly by the party attacked, or brushes by them, without remaining by them. (L, from a trad.) b11: See مَسِيحٌ.

أَمْسَح [app. used as a subst., and therefore with, or without, tenween,] A flat tract of land: pl. أَمَاسِحُ. (TA.) b2: A smooth desert; or smooth waterless desert. (Lth.) أُمْسُوحٌ Any long piece of wood in a ship: (K:) pl. أَمَاسِيحٌ. (TA.) مِمْسَحٌ and مِمْسَحَةٌ: see مَسِيحٌ.

مَمْسُوحُ الأَلْيَتَيْنِ Having the buttocks cleaving to the bone, and small. (L.) b2: مَمْسُوحٌ A eunuch whose testicles have been extirpated. (TA.) b3: عَضُدٌ مَمْسُوحَةٌ An arm, from the shoulder to the elbow, having little flesh. (TA.) b4: مَمْسُوحُ A thing foul, or ugly, and unfortunate, and changed from its proper form, or make. (TA.) [See art. مسخ.]

تِمْسَحٌ A dissembler; a deceiver; (K;) one who blandishes, soothes, or wheedles, one with his words, and deceives him. (TA.) b2: تِمْسَحٌ An audacious, or insolent, and wicked, or corrupt, man: (L, K:) or a great liar, who, if asked, will not tell thee truly whence he comes; who lies to thee even as to the place whence he comes. (L.) [See also مَسِيحٌ.] b3: See تِمْسَاحٌ.

تِمْسَاحٌ, (S, Msb, K,) and ↓ تِمْسَحٌ, (Msb, K,) the latter app. a contraction of the former, (Msb,) [The crocodile]; a well-known aquatic animal, (S,) a creature like the tortoise, of great size, found in the Nile of Egypt and in the river Mihrán, (K,) which is the river of Es-Sind; (TA;) or [rather] resembling the وَرَل about five cubits long, and less; that seizes men and oxen, and dives into the water with them and devours them: pl. of the former تَمَاسِيحٌ, and of the latter تَمَاسِحُ. (Msb.)
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