Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
1001. حور24 1002. حوز18 1003. حوش17 1004. حوص16 1005. حوض12 1006. حوط161007. حوف14 1008. حوق13 1009. حوقل5 1010. حوك13 1011. حول21 1012. حولق4 1013. حوم14 1014. حون4 1015. حوى6 1016. حيث10 1017. حيج5 1018. حيد15 1019. حير18 1020. حيز8 1021. حيس15 1022. حيص18 1023. حيض18 1024. حيط3 1025. حيعل5 1026. حيف18 1027. حيق15 1028. حيك12 1029. حيل13 1030. حين15 1031. حيهل2 1032. حيو3 1033. خ5 1034. خا3 1035. خاتون3 1036. خانقاه2 1037. خب6 1038. خبأ12 1039. خبث18 1040. خبر19 1041. خبز14 1042. خبص11 1043. خبط17 1044. خبعثن6 1045. خبل16 1046. خبن13 1047. خبو9 1048. خبى2 1049. ختر14 1050. ختعر6 1051. ختل14 1052. ختم20 1053. ختن15 1054. خثر18 1055. خثى4 1056. خجل16 1057. خد7 1058. خدب12 1059. خدج17 1060. خدر18 1061. خدش17 1062. خدع19 1063. خدل12 1064. خدلج9 1065. خدم17 1066. خدن18 1067. خذرف5 1068. خذف13 1069. خذل15 1070. خذم13 1071. خر7 1072. خرأ9 1073. خرب20 1074. خرت13 1075. خرث9 1076. خرج20 1077. خرد10 1078. خردل9 1079. خرز13 1080. خرس14 1081. خرش11 1082. خرص17 1083. خرط15 1084. خرطم9 1085. خرع14 1086. خرعب5 1087. خرف19 1088. خرفج9 1089. خرق20 1090. خرم18 1091. خرنب5 1092. خرو3 1093. خز5 1094. خزر19 1095. خزعبل6 1096. خزف12 1097. خزق13 1098. خزل18 1099. خزم16 1100. خزن16 Prev. 100




1 حَاطَ بِهِ, aor. يَحُوطُ: see 4, in three places. b2: حَاطَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (S, Msb,) inf. n. حَوْطٌ (S, Msb, K) and حِيطَةٌ and حِيَاطَةٌ, (S, K, TA, [the second and third, in the CK, erroneously, with fet-h to the ح, the former of them being expressly said in the S and TA, and the latter also in the TA, to be with kesr, and both being shown in the S to be originally with و, i. e. حِوْطَةٌ and حِوَاطَةٌ,]) and حِيَاطٌ is used in poetry for the last of these; (TA;) and ↓ حوّطهُ, (K,) inf. n. تَحْوِيطٌ; (TA;) and ↓ تحوّطهُ; (K, TA; [omitted in the CK;]) He guarded, kept, kept safely, protected, or took care of, him, or it; (S, Msb, K, TA;) he defended him, or it; (TA;) he paid frequent attention to him, or it; (K, TA;) he minded, or was regardful of, the things that were for his, or its, good. (TA.) You say, لَا زِلْتَ فِى حِيَاطَةِ اللّٰهِ Mayest thou not cease to be in the protection of God. (TA.) And مَعَ فُلَانٍ

حِيطَةٌ لَكَ There is with such a one compassion and affection for thee: you should not say عَلَيْكَ. (S.) And أَحُوطُ عِرْضِى [I guard, or defend, or take care of, my honour, or reputation]. (TA.) And أَخَاهُ ↓ هُوَ يَتَحَوَّطُ He takes care of, or pays frequent attention to, his brother; and undertakes, or superintends, or manages, his affairs. (TA.) And حَاطَهُمْ قَصَآءَهُمْ and بِقَصَائِهِمْ He fought in their defence. (TA.) [But this is generally meant ironically.] When an affliction befalls thee, and thy brother does not guard thee, or defend thee, and does not aid thee, one says [to thee], حَاطَكَ الفَضَآءَ [so in the TA, app. a mistranscription for القَصَآءَ or القَصَا, with which, however, it is nearly syn.,] which is used ironically; i. e. He guarded thee, or defended thee, in a distant quarter; meaning, (tropical:) he did not guard thee, or defend thee; for he who guards, or defends, his brother, draws near to him, and supports him, or aids him. (A, TA.) [See also 1 in art. حبو.] You say also, حَاطُونَا القَصَآءَ, (K,) or القَصَا, (TK,) [both are said to be correct in the TA in art. قصو, on the authority of Ibn-Wellád,] in some of the copies of the K with ف and ض, and in some with ف and ض, the latter unpointed, and so in [a copy of] the A, (TA,) (tropical:) They retired to a distance from us, they being around us, and we not being distant from them, had they desired to come to us. (K, TA.) And حُطْنِى القَصَا (tropical:) Retire thou to a distance from me; (Ibn-Wellád, and K in art. قصو;) as also القَصَآءَ. (Ibn-Wellád, and TA in that art.) And لَأَحُوطَنَّكَ القَصَا وَلَأَغْزُوَنَّكَ بِالعَصَا, in each case with the short & ا, meaning I will assuredly leave thee, and not go near thee; [and I will assuredly go against thee to fight thee with the staff.] (Ks, TA in art. قصو.) حُطْ حُطْ means Take thou care of the tie of kindred, and preserve it. (IAar, K. *) It also signifies Deck thou the boys (الصِّبْيَة [in the CK الصَّبِيَّة the girl]) with the حَوْط [for preservation from the evil eye]. (IAar, K.) And حُوطُوا غُلَامَكُمْ Deck ye your boy with the حَوْط. (AA.) b3: حَاطَ الحِمَارُ عَانَتَهُ, (S, * Msb, K,) nor, as above, (S, Msb,) inf. n. حَوْطٌ, (Msb,) The [wild] he-ass collected, or drew together, (S, * Msb, K, *) and guarded, or took care of, (TA,) his عَانَة [app. meaning his herd of wild asses: or the phrase may mean the he-ass drew towards himself, or compressed, and guarded, his she-ass: Freytag here renders عانة by “ pubem; ” and Golius, by “ veretrum ”]. (S, Msb, K.) 2 حوّط حَوْلَهُ, inf. n. تَحْوِيطٌ, He surrounded it by some such thing as earth, so as to make this to encompass it. (Msb.) And حوّط كَرْمَهُ, inf. n. as above, He built a حَائِط [or wall] around his vine. (S.) b2: Hence, أَنَا أُحَوِّطُ ذٰلِكَ الأَمْرُ (tropical:) I have within my compass, or power, and care, that thing, or affair; [like أُحَوِّضُ, q. v.;] syn. أَدُورُ. (S, TA.) [Hence also, حوّط عَلَيْهِ, in the present day, is used to signify (assumed tropical:) He monopolized it. See also 4.] b3: حوّط حَائِطًا, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He made a حائط [meaning either a walled garden or a wall; app. a wall of enclosure]; (K, TA;) as also ↓ احاطهُ. (IDrd, TA.) b4: See also 1.3 حاوط فُلَانًا (tropical:) He endeavoured to induce such a one to turn, or incline; or endeavoured to turn him by deceit, or guile; (دَاوَرَهُ;) in a matter that he desired of him, and which he refused him: (K:) as though each of them were guarding, or taking care of, (يَحُوطُ,) the other. (K: and so in the A, in illustration of what next follows.) حَاوِطْهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَلِينُ لَكَ (tropical:) Endeavour thou to induce him to turn, or incline; or endeavour thou to turn him by deceit, or guile; [for he will relent to thee;] syn. دَاوِرْهُ. (A, TA.) 4 احاط بِهِ and بِهِ ↓ حَاطَ signify the same [i. e. It, or he, surrounded, encompassed, environed, enclosed, or hemmed in, it, or him]. (TA.) Yousay, احاط القَوْمُ بِالبَلَدِ, inf. n. إِحَاطَةٌ; and ↓ حَاطُوا بِهِ; The people surrounded, encompassed, environed, encircled, or beset, the sides of the town. (Msb.) And احاطت الخَيْلُ بِفُلَانٍ, (S, TA,) and به ↓ حَاطَتْ, (TA,) and به ↓ احتاطت, (S,) The horses, or horsemen, surrounded, encompassed, environed, encircled, or beset, such a one. (S, TA.) [And احاطوا بِهِ مِنْ جَانِبَيْهِ, meaning They surrounded him on all his sides; lit. on his two sides: see جَنْبٌ.] b2: It is said in the Kur [xvii. 62], إِنَّ رَبَّكَ أَحَاطَ بِالنَّاسِ (assumed tropical:) Verily thy Lord hath men in his grasp, or power: (Bd, TA:) or (assumed tropical:) hath destroyed them; meaning Kureysh. (Bd.) You say also, أُحِيطَ بِفُلَانٍ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Such a one was destroyed: or (assumed tropical:) his destruction drew near. (TA.) And hence the saying in the Kur [xviii. 40], وَأُحِيطَ بِثَمَرِهِ (assumed tropical:) And its fruit became smitten by that which destroyed and spoiled it: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) his possessions became destroyed: from أَحَاطَ بِهِ العَدُوُّ [the enemy surrounded him]. (Bd.) [Hence also, in the same, ii. 75,] وَأَحَاطَتْ بِهِ خَطِيْئَتُهُ (assumed tropical:) and over whom his sin hath gained the mastery, affecting all the circumstances of his case, so that he hath become as though he were entirely encompassed thereby: (Bd:) or (assumed tropical:) who hath died in the belief of a plurality of Gods. (TA.) You also say, احاط بِهِ الأَمْرُ (assumed tropical:) The thing beset him on every side, so that he had no place of escape from it. (TA.) And احاط عَلَيْهِ (assumed tropical:) He took it entirely to himself, debarring others from it: [see also 2.] (TA in art شرب.) b3: احاط بِهِ, (K,) or احاط بِهِ عِلْمًا, (S, Msb, TA,) and احاط بِهِ عِلْمُهُ, (S, TA,) (tropical:) [He comprehended it, or knew it altogether, in all its modes or circumstances;] he knew it extrinsically and intrinsically; (Msb;) or he attained the utmost particular thereof, and had a comprehensive and complete knowledge thereof: or he attained everything [relating to it], and the utmost knowledge thereof. (K, accord. to different copies. [In the CK, اَحْصٰى عِلْمُهُ is put, erroneously, for احصى عِلْمَهُ.]) It is said in the Kur [xxvii. 22], أَحَطْتُ بِمَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ (tropical:) I have known in all its circumstances, or modes, that which thou hast not so known. (TA.) And you say also, عَلِمَهُ عِلْمَ

إِحَاطَةٍ (tropical:) He knew it in all its circumstances, or modes; nothing of them escaping him. (TA.) b4: See also 2.5 تَحَوَّطَ see 1, in two places.8 احتاط: see 4. b2: Also (tropical:) He took the course prescribed by prudence, precaution, or good judgment; he used precaution; he took the sure course; (S, * K, * TA;) لِنَفْسِهِ for himself; (S, TA;) [and مِنَ الشَّىْءِ against the thing:] he sought the most successful means, and took the surest method; لِلشَّىْءِ for [the accomplishment, or attainment, of] the thing. (Msb.) The subst. [denoting the abstract signification of the inf. n., اِحْتِيَاطٌ,] is حيطة, (Msb,) i. e. ↓ حَيْطَةٌ and ↓ حِيطَةٌ, (K, TA,) which latter is originally حِوْطَةٌ, (TA,) [and is also an inf. n. of 1,] and ↓ حَوْطَةٌ. (K, TA.) Some hold احتياط to belong to art. حيط. (Msb.) You say also فِى الأُمُورِ ↓ استحاط [meaning in like manner (assumed tropical:) He took the course prescribed by prudence, &c., in affairs, or in the affairs: as is shown below: see مُحْتَاطٌ]. (TA.) 10 إِسْتَحْوَطَ see 8.

حَوْطٌ A twisted string of two colours, black and red, (IAar, K,) called بَرِيم, (IAar,) upon which are beads and a crescent of silver, which a woman binds upon her waist, [and which is bound upon a boy, (see 1,)] in order that the evil eye may not smite her [or him]: (IAar, K:) and also the crescent above mentioned; as well as the string with it. (TA.) [See also تَحْوِيطَةٌ.]

حَوْطَةٌ: see 8.

حَيْطَةٌ: see 8.

حِيطَةٌ: see 8.

حُوَاطٌ: see what next follows.

حُوَاطَةٌ An enclosure (حَظِيرَة) made for wheat: (S, K:) or it signifies a thing which one soon quits, or relinquishes, or from which one soon abstains; and so ↓ حُوَاطٌ, as occurring [accord. to one relation] in a verse cited voce عُرْسٌ. (L.) حَيِّطٌ, [originally either حَوِيطٌ or حَيْوِطٌ,] like سَيِّدٌ, A man who guards, protects, or defends, (يَحُوطُ,) his family and his brethren. (TA.) حَوَّاطٌ A monopolizer: so in the present day.]

حَوَّاطُ أَمْرٍ (tropical:) The undertakers, superintendents, or managers, of an affair. (K, TA.) [See a verse cited voce عُرْسٌ.]

حَائِطٌ A wall. (Msb, * K, TA:) or a wall of enclosure: (Msb, * TA:) or one that surrounds a garden: (Mgh:) [often applied to a fence of wood, or sticks, or of reeds, or canes:] so called because it surrounds what is within it; (TA;) but it is a subst., like سَقْفٌ and رُكْنٌ, though implying the meaning of surrounding: (IJ, TA:) or it is an act. part. n., from حَاطَ: (Msb:) pl. حِيطَانٌ, (S, Msb, K,) in which the و is changed into ى because of the kesreh before it, (S,) but by rule it should be حُوطَانٌ; (Sb, K;) and حِيَاطٌ. (IAar, K.) b2: And hence, (Mgh,) A garden, (Mgh, Msb, K,) in general: or a garden of palmtrees, surrounded by a wall: (TA:) pl. حَوَائِطُ. (Msb, TA.) اِفْعَلِ الأَحْوَطَ (assumed tropical:) Do thou that which is most comprehensive in relation to the principles of the ordinances [applying to the case], (مَا هُوَ أَجْمَعُ لِأُصُولِ الأَحْكَامِ,) and furthest from the sophistications of interpretations not according to the obvious meanings. (Msb.) And هٰذَا أَحْوَطُ (assumed tropical:) This is more, or most, conducive to put [one] in a position of اِحْتِيَاط [or taking the course prescribed by prudence, precaution, or good judgment; &c.: see 8]. (Mgh.) The word أَحْوَطُ is from the phrase حَاطَ الحِمَارُ عَانَتَهُ; not from الاِحْتِيَاطُ; because the افعل of excess is not formed from a verb of five letters: (Msb:) or it is anomalous, like أَخْصَرُ from الاِخْتِصَارُ. (Mgh.) [It may be rendered More, or most, prudent: or more, or most, sure.]

تَحُوطُ and التَّحُوطُ &c.: see what next follows.

تُحِيطُ and ↓ تَحُوطُ (ISk, TS, K) and تَحِيطُ and تِحِيطُ and ↓ يَحِيطُ (TS, K) and ↓ التَّحُوطُ and التَّحِيطُ (L, K) [and ↓ تَحَوُّط and ↓ تحوَّط (mentioned, with the third and fourth, in Freytag's Arab. Prov., ii. 803, as on the authority of Fr,)] (tropical:) The year of dearth, scarcity, or straitness, that destroys the beasts, (Fr, K, * TA,) or men: (A, TA:) تَحُوطُ being from حَاطَ بِهِ in the sense of أَحَاطَ; or it is used as a term of good omen; accord. to the A. (TA.) You say, وَقَعُوا فِى

تُحِيطَ, &c., [the last word being a noun imperfectly decl., (tropical:) They fell into the affliction of a year of dearth, &c.] (ISk, TA.) تَحْويِطَةٌ A thing that is hung upon a boy to repel the evil eye: of the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.) [See also حَوْطٌ.]

مَحَاطٌ A place behind the camels or other beasts and the people [to whom they belong], surrounding and protecting them: (K:) some say that أَرْضٌ مَحَاطٌ signifies land surrounded by a wall: if not so surrounded, it is termed ضَاحِيَةٌ. (TA.) فُلَانٌ مُحَاطٌ بِهِ (assumed tropical:) Such a one is slain; is destroyed. (TA.) مُحِيطٌ [act. part. n. of 4; Surrounding, encompassing, or enclosing: &c.] b2: It is said in the Kur [lxxxv. 20], وَاللّٰهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ مُحيِطٌ (assumed tropical:) and God, behind them, includeth them altogether within his power; not one shall escape Him. (TA.) And again, [xi. 85,] عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ مُحِيطٍ (assumed tropical:) The punishment of a day which shall beset on every side so that there shall be no place of escape from it: (TA:) or of a destructive day: meaning the day of resurrection: or the punishment [of a day] of extermination: the epithet, which is that of the punishment, being applied to the day because it includes it. (Bd.) And again, [ii. 18,] وَاللّٰهُ مُحِيطٌ بِالكَافِرِينَ, explained by Mujá-hid as signifying (assumed tropical:) And God will collect together the unbelievers on the day of resurrection. (TA.) كَرْمٌ مُحوَّطٌ A vine having a wall built around it. (S.) هُوَ مُحْتَاطٌ فِى أَمْرِهِ and فِيهِ ↓ مُسْتَحِيطٌ [He is taking the course prescribed by prudence, precaution, or good judgment; or using precaution; or taking the sure course; or seeking the most successful means, and taking the surest method; in his affair: see 8]. (TA.) مُسْتَحِيطٌ: see what next precedes.

يَحِيطٌ: see تُحِيطٌ.
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