Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2231. شقح13 2232. شقذ8 2233. شقر16 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص15 2236. شقو72237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد7 2240. شكر19 2241. شكس18 2242. شكل24 2243. شكم15 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم11 2247. شلو11 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت17 2251. شمخ16 2252. شمر15 2253. شمرخ12 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس20 2258. شمط16 2259. شمع14 2260. شمعل7 2261. شمل17 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب15 2265. شنبث3 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج14 2268. شنر13 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع17 2271. شنف16 2272. شنق20 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب19 2275. شهد17 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر17 2278. شهق18 2279. شهل16 2280. شهم14 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو10 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب17 2285. شوذ11 2286. شور21 2287. شوس15 2288. شوش9 2289. شوص14 2290. شوط16 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف16 2293. شوق15 2294. شوك18 2295. شول16 2296. شوه19 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب17 2301. شيح13 2302. شيخ17 2303. شيد17 2304. شير7 2305. شيز13 2306. شيش7 2307. شيص13 2308. شيط17 2309. شيع18 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق8 2312. شيل5 2313. شيم16 2314. شين11 2315. شيه6 2316. ص6 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح20 2323. صبر21 2324. صبع15 2325. صبغ19 2326. صبن12 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب15 2330. صحر16 Prev. 100
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1 شَقِىَ, (S, Msb, K,) originally شَقِوَ, (S, TA,) aor. شَقَوَ, (S, Msb,) dual thereof يَشْقَيَانِ, (S,) inf. n. شَقَاوَةٌ and شِقَاوَةٌ, (S, * K,) the latter accord. to a reading of the Kur xxiii. 108, (S,) and شَقَآءٌ and شِقْوَةٌ and شَقْوَةٌ (S, * K) and شَقًا, (K.) or the last of these is the inf. n., and شَقَاوَةٌ and شِقْوَةٌ [and the rest, none of which is expressly specified as an inf. n. in the S,] are simple substs., (Msb,) He was, or became, unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable; (S, Msb, TA;) شَقِىَ being contr. of سَعِدَ; (Msb;) and شَقَاوَةٌ &c. contr. of سَعَادَةٌ: (S, TA:) or he was, or became, in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty. (Az, K, TA.) [See also شَقَاوَةٌ below.] b2: Also (assumed tropical:) He suffered, or experienced, fatigue, (TA, and Ksh and Bd and Jel in xx. 1,) فِى كَذَا [in such a thing]. (TA.) A2: شَقَاهُ: see 3: b2: and 4.3 شاقاهُ, (K, TA,) inf. n. مُشَاقَاةٌ (S, TA) and شِقَآءٌ, (TA,) He laboured, strove, or struggled, with him, to prevail, or overcome, (S, K, TA,) in war, or battle, and the like; (K, TA;) so in the T; (TA;) he struggled, or contended, with, or against, the difficulty, or trouble, or inconvenience, that he experienced from him; (S, * TA;) syn. عَالَجَهُ; (K, TA;) or مَارَسَهُ; and عَانَاهُ. (S, * TA.) b2: And ↓ شاقاهُ فَشَقَاهُ, aor. of the latter verb شَقُوَ, He endeavoured to surpass him in mutual labouring, or striving, or struggling, to prevail, or overcome, &c., (غَالَبَهُ فِى الشِّقَآءِ, [in the CK, فى الشَّقاءِ, but the former seems to be the right reading, and may be best rendered in the mutual striving against difficulty,]) and he surpassed him [therein]. (K. [In the S, شَاقَانِى فُلَانٌ فَشَقَوْتُهُ, aor. أَشْقُوهُ; and only the latter verb as thus used is there explained.]) b3: مُشَاقَاةٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) The treating [one] with hardness, harshness, or illnature. (TA.) b4: And (tropical:) The vying, one with another, in patience, or endurance: a rájiz says, إِذَا يُشَاقِى الصَّابِرَانِ لَمْ يَرِثْ يَكَادُ مِنْ ضَعْفِ القُوَى لَا يَنْبَعِثْ [When the two patient ones vie in endurance, he does not lag behind, almost, by reason of the weakness of powers, failing to hasten in pace]: he means a camel vying with the attendant thereof in endurance of going. (TA.) 4 اشقاهُ اللّٰهُ God caused him to be unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable; contr. of أَسْعَدَهُ: (S, * Msb, TA:) or God caused him to be in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty: and so ↓ شَقَاهُ. (K.) A2: and اشقى He combed. (Az, K. [See مِشْقًى.]) شِقْوَةٌ an inf. n. of شَقِىَ, as also شَقْوَةٌ: (S, * K:) or a simple subst. (Msb.) شَقِىٌّ Unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable: (S, Msb, TA:) [or in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty: (see its verb:)] pl. أَشْقِيَآءُ. (TA.) وَلَمٌ أَكُنْ بِدُعَائِكَ رَبِّ شَقِيًّا, in the Kur [xix. 4, And I have not been, in supplicating Thee, my Lord, unprosperous], means I have been one whose prayer has been answered. (TA.) شَقَاوَةٌ an inf. n. of شَقِىَ; (S, * K;) or a simple subst.; (Msb;) signifying Unprosperousness, &c.; [see its verb;] contr. of سَعَادَةٌ: (S, Er-Rághib, TA:) it is of two kinds; أُخْرَاوِيَّةٌ [relating to the world to come] and دُنْيَاوِيَّةٌ [relating to the present world]: and the latter is of three kinds; نَفْسِيَّةٌ [relating to the soul] and بَدَنِيَّةٌ [relating to the body] and خَارِجِيَّةٌ [relating to external circumstances]. (Er-Rághib, TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) Fatigue; syn. تَعَبٌ; but the latter has a more general signification; every شقاوة being تعب, but every تعب is not شقاوة. (TA.) أَشْقَى [More, and most, unprosperous, &c. b2: And] (tropical:) More [and most] fatigued. (TA.) مِشْقًى A comb: a dial. var. of مِشْقَأٌ. (Az, K.)
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