Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
1840. زيزفون2 1841. زيغ16 1842. زيف16 1843. زيق9 1844. زيل16 1845. زين161846. س7 1847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل14 1852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت21 1859. سبح21 1860. سبخ17 1861. سبد15 1862. سبر16 1863. سبرت10 1864. سبط19 1865. سبطر9 1866. سبع19 1867. سبغ20 1868. سبق22 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل19 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر17 1875. ستق13 1876. سته14 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح12 1880. سجد17 1881. سجر19 1882. سجس12 1883. سجع15 1884. سجف15 1885. سجل22 1886. سجم15 1887. سجن16 1888. سجو11 1889. سح3 1890. سحب18 1891. سحت17 1892. سحج12 1893. سحر20 1894. سحف10 1895. سحق20 1896. سحل18 1897. سحم17 1898. سحن16 1899. سخب10 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت12 1902. سخد11 1903. سخر17 1904. سخط13 1905. سخف14 1906. سخل14 1907. سخم14 1908. سخن17 1909. سد5 1910. سدج8 1911. سدر19 1912. سدس16 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف16 1915. سدل15 1916. سدم14 1917. سدن17 1918. سدو6 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب20 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل13 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج18 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح20 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد17 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق14 1935. سرط15 1936. سرطم7 1937. سرع17 1938. سرف22 1939. سرقن3 Prev. 100




1 زَانَهُ, (S, MA, Msb, K,) aor. يَزِينُهُ, (Msb,) inf. n. زَيْنٌ; (MA, Msb, KL, TA;) and ↓ زيّنهُ, (S, MA, Msb, K,) inf. n. تَزْيِينٌ; (Msb, KL, TA;) and ↓ أَزَانَهُ, (Msb, K,) and ↓ أَزْيَنَهُ, (K,) which is its original form, (TA,) inf. n. إِزَانَةٌ; (Msb;) signify the same; (S, MA, Msb, K;) He, or it, adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, beautified, or graced, him, or it. (MA, KL, PS: [and the like is indicated in the S and Msb and K.]) [زَانَهُ said of a quality, and of an action, and of a saying, is best rendered It adorned him, or graced him, or was an honour to him; contr. of شَانَهُ; as is indicated in the S and K: and sometimes means it was his pride: and ↓ زيّنهُ means as expl. above: and he embellished it, dressed it up, or trimmed it; said in this sense as relating to language: and he embellished it, or dressed it up, namely, an action &c. to another (لِغَيْرِهِ); often said in this sense of the Devil; (as in the Kur vi. 43, &c.;) i. e. he commended it to him:] زَانَهُ كَذَا and ↓ زيّنهُ [Such a thing adorned him, &c.,] are expl. as said when one's excellence [فَضْلُهُ, as I read for فعله, an evident mistranscription,] appears either by speech or by action: and اللّٰهِ لِلْأَشْيَآءِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [God's adorning, &c., of things] is sometimes by means of his creating them مُزَيَّنَة [i. e. adorned, &c.]; and النَّاسِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [The adorning, &c., of men], by their abundance of property, and by their speech, i. e. by their extolling Him. (Er-Rághib, TA.) One says, زَانَهُ الحُسْنُ [Beauty adorned, or graced, him, or it]. And Mejnoon says, فَيَا رَبِّ إِذْ صَيَّرْتَ لَيْلَى لِىَ الهَوَى

فَزِنِّى لِعَيْنَيْهَا كَمَا زِنْتَهَا لِيَا [And, O my Lord, since Thou hast made Leylà to be to me the object of love, then grace Thou me to her eyes like as Thou hast graced her to me]. (S, TA: but in the former, مِنَ الهَوى in the place of لِىَ الهَوَى. [The reading in the S means of the objects of love: for هَوًى, being originally an inf. n., may be used alike as sing. and pl.]) السِّلْعَةِ فِى البَيْعِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [means The setting off, or commending, of a commodity in selling; and] is allowed, if without concealment of a fault, or defect, from the purchaser, and without lying in the attribution and description of the article. (TA.) 2 زَيَّنَ see above, in six places.4 أَزَانَهُ and أَزْيَنَهُ: see 1, first sentence.

A2: See also the paragraph here following.5 تزيّن and ↓ اِزْدَانَ, (S, K,) the latter of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, [originally اِزْتَيَنَ, and then اِزْتَانَ,] (S,) quasi-pass. verbs, [the former of زَيَّنَهُ and the latter of زَانَهُ,] (K,) signify the same; (S;) [He, or it, was, or became, adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embel-lished, beautified, or graced;] as also اِزَّيَّنَ, (S, * K,) [a variation of the first, being] originally تَزَيَّنَ, the ت being made quiescent, and incorporated into the ز, and the ا being prefixed in order that the inception may be perfect; (S, TA;) and ↓ ازيانّ; and ↓ ازينّ. (K.) One says, أَزْيَنَتِ ↓ الأَرْضُ بِعُشْبِهَا [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ اِزْيَنَّتِ The earth, or land, became adorned, &c., with, or by, its herbage]; as also اِزَّيَّنَت, originally تَزَيَّنَت [as expl. above]; (S;) and some, in the Kur x. 25, read تَزَيَّنَت; and some, ↓ ازيانّت. (Bd.) And they said, إِذَا طَلَعَتِ الجَبْهَةُ تَزَيَّنَتِ النَّخْلَةُ [When الجبهة (the Tenth Mansion of the Moon) rises aurorally, the palm-tree becomes garnished with ripening dates: that Mansion thus rose in central Arabia, about the commencement of the era of the Flight, on the 12th of August, O. S; and in that region, at, or soon after, that period, the dates begin to ripen]. (TA.) [تزيّن is said of language, as meaning It was embellished, dressed up, or trimmed: and of an action &c., as meaning it was embellished, or dressed up, i. e. commended, to a person, by another man, and, more commonly, by the Devil.] b2: And تزيّن also signifies He adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, &c., himself. (MA, KL.) [Hence,] تزيّن بِالبَاطِلِ [He invested himself with that which did not belong to him]. (S and TA in art. شبع.) 8 اِزْدَانَ, originally اِزْتَيَنَ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence.9 إِزْيَنَّ see 5, each in two places.11 إِزْيَاْنَّ see 5, each in two places.

زَانٌ: see art. زون.

زَيْنٌ [as an inf. n., and also as a simple subst.,] is the contr. of شَيْنٌ: (S, Msb, K:) [as a simple subst.,] i. q. زِينَةٌ, q. v.: (Har p. 139:) [and commonly signifying A grace; a beauty; a comely quality; a physical, and also an intel-lectual, adornment; an honour, or a credit; and anything that is the pride, or glory, of a person or thing: in these senses contr. of شَيْنٌ:] pl. أَزْيَانٌ. (K.) b2: Az says, I heard a boy of [the tribe called] Benoo- 'Okeyl say to another, وَجْهِى زَيْنٌ وَوَجْهُكَ شَيْنٌ, meaning My face is comely and thy face is ugly; for وَجْهِى ذُو زَيْنٍ وَوَجْهُكَ ذُو شَيْنٍ

[my face is possessed of comeliness and thy face is possessed of ugliness]; using the inf. ns. as epithets; like as one says رَجُلٌ صَوْمٌ and عَدْلٌ. (TA.) b3: Also The comb of the cock. (S.) زَانَةٌ [mentioned in this art. in the K]: see art. زون.

زِينَةٌ, the subst. from زَانَهُ, (Msb,) signifies مَا يُتَزَيَّنُ بِهِ [i. e. A thing with which, or by which, one is adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, beautified, or graced; or with which, or by which, one adorns, &c., himself]; (T, S, K;) any such thing; (T, TA;) [any ornament, ornature, decoration, garnish, embellishment, or grace;] and so ↓ زِيانٌ; (K;) and ↓ زَيْنٌ, also, [which see above,] signifies the same as زِينَةٌ: (Har p. 139:) accord. to El-Harállee, زِينَةٌ denotes the [means of] beautifying, or embellishing, a thing by another thing; consisting of apparel, or an ornament of gold or silver or of jewels or gems, or aspect: or, as some say, it is the beauty [seen] of the eye that does not reach to the interior of that which is adorned [thereby]: accord. to Er-Rághib, its proper mean-ing is a thing that does not disgrace, or render unseemly, a man, in any of his states or conditions, either in the present world or in that which is to come: but that which adorns him in one state or condition, exclusively of another, is in one point of view شَيْنٌ: summarily speaking, it is of three kinds; namely, mental, such as knowledge or science, and good tenets; and bodily, such as strength, and tallness of stature, and beauty of aspect; and extrinsic, such as wealth, and rank or station or dignity; and all these are mentioned in the Kur: (TA:) the pl. is زِيَنٌ. (Bd in x. 25.) زِينَةُ الحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا [or simply زِينَةُ الدُّنْيَا generally means The ornature, finery, show, pomp, or gaiety, of the present life or world; and] particularly includes wealth and children. (Kur xviii. 44.) زِينَةُ الأَرْضِ [The ornature of the earth] means the plants, or herbage, of the earth. (TA.) يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ [The day of ornature] is the festival (العِيدُ); (S, K;) when men used [and still use] to adorn themselves with goodly articles of apparel. (TA.) And also The day of the breaking [of the dam a little within the entrance] of the canal of Misr [here meaning the present capital of Egypt, El-Káhireh, which we call “ Cairo ”], (K, TA,) i. e. the canal which runs through the midst of Misr, and [the dam of] which is broken when the Nile has attained the height of sixteen cubits or more: this day is said to be meant in the Kur xx. 61: it is one of the days observed in Egypt with the greatest gladness and rejoicing from ancient times; and its observance in the days of the Fátimees was such as is inconceivable, as it is described in the “ Khitat ” of El-Makreezee. (TA. [The modern observances of this day, and of other days in relation to the rise of the Nile, are described in my work on the Modern Egyptians.]) قَمَرٌ زَيَانٌ A beautiful moon. (K.) زِيَانٌ: see زِينَةٌ.

زِيَانَةٌ The art, or occupation, of the مُزَيِّن: so in the present day.]

زَائِنٌ: see the last paragraph in this art. مُزَيَّنٌ: see مُتَزَيِّنٌ. b2: [Also,] applied to a man, Having his hair trimmed, or clipped, [or shaven, by the مُزَيِّن.] (S, TA.) مُزَيِّنٌ i. q. حَجَّامٌ [i. e. A cupper; who is generally a barber; and to the latter this epithet (مُزَيِّنٌ) is now commonly applied; as it is also in the MA]. (S, TA.) A2: See also مُتَزَيِّنٌ.

مُزَيِّينٌ: see مُتَزَيِّنٌ.

مُزَّانٌ: see each in two places in what follows.

مُزْدَانٌ: see each in two places in what follows.

مُتَزَيِّنٌ and ↓ مُزْدَانٌ and ↓ مُزَّانٌ signify the same [i. e. Adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, or graced; as also ↓ مُزَيَّنٌ: and the first signifies also selfadorned &c.]: (TA:) the second and third are part. ns. of اِزْدَانَ; the third being formed from the second by incorporation [of the د into the ز]: and the dim. of مُزْدَانٌ is ↓ مُزَيِّنٌ, like مُخَيِّرٌ the dim. of مُخْتَارٌ; and if you substitute [for the د], ↓ مُزَيِّينٌ: and in like manner in forming the pl. you say مَزَايِنُ and مَزَايِينُ. (S.) You say, أَنَا بِإِعْلَامِكَ ↓ مُزَّانٌ and ↓ مُزْدَانٌ, meaning مُتَزَيِّنٌ بِإِعْلَامِ أَمْرِكَ [i. e. I am graced by the making known of thy command, or affair]. (TA.) and ↓ اِمْرَأَةٌ زَائِنٌ means مُتَزَيِّنَةٌ [i. e. A woman adorned, &c.; or self-adorned &c.]: (K, TA:) in [some of] the copies of the K, erroneously, مُتَزَيِّنٌ. (TA.)
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