Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2956. غدق16 2957. غدو10 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو11 2960. غذى2 2961. غر52962. غرب23 2963. غربل14 2964. غرث14 2965. غرد14 2966. غرز16 2967. غرس15 2968. غرض17 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف18 2971. غرق17 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل8 2975. غرل13 2976. غرم18 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 2979. غرو10 2980. غرى3 2981. غزر18 2982. غزل17 2983. غزو12 2984. غسق16 2985. غسل19 2986. غسم8 2987. غش7 2988. غشم14 2989. غشو7 2990. غص6 2991. غصب18 2992. غصن13 2993. غض5 2994. غضب18 2995. غضر14 2996. غضرف7 2997. غضف14 2998. غضفر9 2999. غضن13 3000. غضو3 3001. غط5 3002. غطرف15 3003. غطس13 3004. غطش16 3005. غطف13 3006. غطل9 3007. غطم9 3008. غطمط6 3009. غف4 3010. غفر21 3011. غفص11 3012. غفل19 3013. غفو9 3014. غل6 3015. غلب20 3016. غلت16 3017. غلث9 3018. غلس15 3019. غلصم12 3020. غلط15 3021. غلظ17 3022. غلف19 3023. غلق19 3024. غلم18 3025. غلو13 3026. غلى5 3027. غم6 3028. غمت8 3029. غمد17 3030. غمر19 3031. غمز15 3032. غمس16 3033. غمص13 3034. غمض18 3035. غمط15 3036. غمل11 3037. غمن9 3038. غمه1 3039. غمى5 3040. غن5 3041. غنج11 3042. غندب5 3043. غنظ11 3044. غنم18 3045. غنو4 3046. غنى8 3047. غهب14 3048. غو2 3049. غوث15 3050. غوج7 3051. غور20 3052. غوص16 3053. غوط19 3054. غوغ9 3055. غول21 Prev. 100




1 غَرَّهُ, aor. يَغُرُّ, inf. n. غُرُورٌ (Fr, S, Msb, K) and غَرٌّ, (Az, K,) which latter is preferable to the former, [though less common,] because the inf. n. of a trans. verb is scarcely ever of the measure فُعُولٌ, (Az,) and غِرَّةٌ (Lh, K) and غَرَرٌ, (IKtt, TA,) He (the devil, TA) deceived him; beguiled him; (S, K;) made him to desire what was vain, or false. (K.) You say غَرَّتْهُ الدُّنْيَا The world deceived him, or beguiled him, by its finery, or show, or pomp. (Msb.) It is said in the Kur [lxxxii. 6], مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ What hath deceived thee, and led thee into error, so that thou hast neglected what was incumbent on thee to thy Lord? (Aboo-Is-hák:) or what hath deceived thee respecting thy Lord, and induced thee to disobey Him, and to feel secure from his punishment? (TA:) or what hath deceived thee, and emboldened thee to disobey thy Lord? (Bd. [But see بِ as syn. with عَنْ.]) مَا غَرَّكَ بِفُلَانٍ signifies [What hath deceived thee, and emboldened thee against such a one? or] how is it that thou art emboldened against such a one? (As, S, Msb, TA.) [See also 4.] And مَنْ غَرَّكَ بِفُلَانٍ, (TA,) and مِنْ فُلَانٍ, (S, TA,) Who hath made thee to pursue a course without being rightly directed, or a course not plain, (مَنْ أَوْطَأَكَ عُشْوَةً, S, TA,) with respect to such a one, (S,) or with respect to the case of such a one? (TA. [See again 4.]) [Also غُرَّ مِنْ فُلَانٍ, i. e. غُرَّ غُرُورًا صَادِرًا مِنْ فُلَانٍ, He was deceived by such a one; he was deceived with deceit proceeding from such a one. See غَرِيرٌ, as syn. with مَغْرُورٌ.] And غَرَّ فُلَانٌ فُلَانًا Such a one exposed such a one to perdition or destruction [app. by deceiving him]. (TA. [See also 2, and 4.]) Also Such a one acted with such a one in a manner resembling the slaying with the edge of the sword. (TA. [See 3 in art. عطو.]) A2: غَرَّ فَرْخَهُ, (S, O, K,) aor. غَرُّ, (S, O,) inf. n. غَرٌّ (S, O, K) and غِرَارٌ, (O, K, [or the latter is inf. n. of غَارَّ only,]) It (a bird, S, O, K, * or a pigeon, TA) fed its young one with its bill: (S, O, K:) and أُنْثَاهُ ↓ غارّ, (As, S, K,) inf. n. غِرَارٌ (S) or مُغَارَّةٌ, (TA,) he (the [collared turtle-dove called] قُمْرِىّ) fed his female with his bill. (As, S, K.) b2: Hence, in a trad., كَانَ يَغُرُّ عَلِيًّا (O, TA) بِالعِلْمِ (TA) (assumed tropical:) He (the Prophet) used to nourish 'Alee with knowledge like as the bird feeds its young one. (O, TA. *) And one says, غُرَّ فُلَانٌ مِنَ العِلْمِ مَا لَمْ يُغَرُّهُ غَيْرُهُ (assumed tropical:) Such a one has been nourished, and instructed, with that wherewith other than he has not been nourished, and instructed, of knowledge. (TA.) A3: غَرَّ, aor. يَغِرُّ, (S, Msb,) with kesr; (S;) or غَرَّ, see. Pers\. غَرِرْتَ, aor. يَغَرُّ; (K, TA;) inf. n. غَرَارَةٌ; (S, Msb, K;) He (a man, S, Msb, or a youth, or young man, K) was inexperienced in affairs; (S, K;) he was ignorant of affairs; negligent, or heedless, of them. (Msb.) You say كَانَ ذٰلِكَ فِى غَرَارَتِى وَحَدَاثَتِى, i. e. فِى غِرَّتِى, That was in [the time of] my inexperience and youth. (S.) [See also 8.] b2: And غَرَّ, (K,) see. Pers\. غَررْتَ, (IAar, T, TA,) aor. يَغَرُّ, with fet-h, (IAar, T, K,) inf. n. غَرَارَةٌ, (IAar, T, TA,) He acted in a youthful or childish manner: (IAar, T, TA:) or he so acted after having soundness of judgment, produced by experience. (Sgh, K.) But this is at variance with what J cites from Fr, in art. شد, that the aor. of an intrans. verb of this class of the measure فَعَلَ, should be of the measure يَفْعِلُ, with kesr to the ع. (TA.) A4: غَرَّ, (IAar, IKtt, K,) in one place written by IAar غَرِرَ, to show that it is of the measure فَعِلَ, and that the sec. Pers\. is غَرِرْتَ, (TA,) aor. يَغَرُّ, (IAar, IKtt, K,) inf. n. غَرَرٌ (IAar, K) and غُرَّةٌ, (IAar, IKtt, K,) or the latter, as ISd thinks, is not an inf. n., but a subst., (TA,) and غَراَرَةٌ, (K,) He (a horse, IAar, IKtt, and a camel, IAar) had what is termed a غُرَّة upon his forehead: (IAar, IKtt:) it (his face) had what is so termed: (K:) it (his face) became white. (IAar, K. *) b2: غَرَّ, aor. يَغَرُّ, He (a man) became eminent, or noble. (TA.) b3: And غُرَّةٌ signifies also A grape-vine's quickly becoming tall. (K.) A5: See also R. Q. 1.

A6: غَرَّ عَلَيْهِ المَآءَ He poured upon him, or it, the water: like قَرَّ. (TA.) And غُرَّ فِى حَوْضِكَ Pour thou into thy watering-trough. (TA.) And غُرَّ فِى سِقَائِكَ Fill thou thy skin by putting it into the water and throwing the water into it with thy hand, not abstaining until thou fillest it: thus as related by Az accord. to the usage of the desert-Arabs. (TA.) 2 غرّر بِنَفْسِهِ, (S, K, TA,) and بِمَالِهِ, (TA,) inf. n. تَغْرِيرٌ and تَغِرَّةٌ, (S, K,) He exposed himself, (K, TA,) and his property, (TA,) to perdition, or destruction, or loss, (K, TA,) without knowing it: (TA:) he endangered, jeoparded, hazarded, or risked, himself, (S, TA,) [and his property,] and was negligent, or heedless, of the end, issue, or result, of an affair. (TA.) [See also 1.]

A2: غُزِّرَ He (a horse) was marked with a غُرَّة [i. e. a star, or blaze, or white mark, on the forehead or face]: you say بِمَ غُرِّرَ فَرَسُكَ With what kind of غُرَّة is thy horse marked? and the owner answers, With a شاَدِخَة, or with a وَتِيرَة, &c. (Mubtekir El-Aarábee, TA.) A3: غَرَّرَتْ ثَنِيَّتَا الغُلاَمٍ

The central incisors of the boy showed their points for the first time: (S:) or غرّر الغُلاَمُ the first of the teeth of the boy showed its point; as though the غُرَّة, i. e. whiteness, of his teeth appeared: and غَرَّرَتْ أَسْنَانُ الصَّبِىِّ the teeth of the boy were disposed to grow, and came forth. (TA.) b2: and hence, (TA,) غَرَّرَتِ الطَّيْرُ The birds desired, or endeavoured, to fly, and raised their wings. (K, TA.) A4: غرّر القِرْبَةَ (Sgh, K, TA) and السِّقَآءَ (TA) He filled the water-skin. (Sgh, K, TA.) 3 غارّت النَّاقَةُ, (As, ISk, S, K,) aor. تُغَارُّ, inf. n. غِرَارٌ, (ISk, S,) The she-camel became scant of milk: (As, S, K:) or deficient in milk: (TA:) or she took fright, and drew up her milk, (ISk, S,) after yielding milk freely: (ISk, TA:) or the she-camel, having yielded milk abundantly on her teats' being stroked, and not being promptly milked, drew up her milk, and would not yield it plentifully until it collected again in her udder in the interval before the next period of milking. (Az.) [This signification of the verb is said in the TA to be tropical: but I rather think it to be proper; as the next is derived from it.] b2: غارَّت السُّوقُ, aor. تُغَارُّ, (Az, S,) inf. n. غِرَارٌ, (Az, S, K,) (tropical:) The market became stagnant, or dull, with respect to traffic; (Az, S, K;) contr. of دَرَّت. (Az, S.) b3: [See also غِرَارٌ, below.]

A2: غارّ

أُنْثَاهُ, said of the قُمْرِىّ: see 1.4 اغرّهُ He, or it, emboldened him, or encouraged him; [by deceiving him;] syn. أَجْسَرَهُ: so says AHeyth; and he cites the following verse: أَغَرَّ هِشَامًا مِنْ أَخِيهِ ابْنِ أُمِّهِ قَوَادِمُ صَأْنٍ يَسَّرَتْ وَرَبِيعُ meaning [The teats of sheep that have yielded abundance of milk and of young, and spring herbage, i. e.] the abundance of his sheep and their milk, have emboldened Hishám against his brother, the son of his mother, [to pursue a wrong course towards him, and] to forsake him, thinking himself in dependent of him: the poet makes قوادم to belong to sheep, whereas they properly belong to the udders of camels, using the word metaphorically. (TA.) [But I incline to think that the أَ in أَغَرَّ is the interrogative particle, and that its explanation is أَجَسَّرَ, with the same particle; and the more so as I have not found any authority, if this be not one, for أَجْسَرَ in the sense of جَسَّرَ: so that the meaning of the verse is, Have the teats, &c.? and it shows that غَرَّهُ مِنْهُ, not أَغَرَّهُ, means جَسَّرَهُ عَلَيْهِ, like غَرَّهُ بِهِ. See 1.] b2: Also He caused him to fall into peril, danger, jeopardy, hazard, or risk. (TA.) [But perhaps this meaning is also derived from a misunderstanding of the verse quoted above. See again 1.]8 اغترّ He became deceived, or beguiled; (S, K;) made to desire what was vain, or false; (K;) بِشَىْءٍ by a thing. (S.) [See also 10.] b2: He was negligent, inattentive, inadvertent, inconsiderate, heedless, or unprepared; (S, K;) he thought himself secure, and therefore was not on his guard. (Msb.) [See again 10.]

A2: اغترَهُ He, or it, came to him when he was negligent, inadvertent, heedless, or unprepared; (T, S, TA;) as also ↓ استغرّهُ: (T, K, TA:) or he sought to avail himself of his negligence, inadvertence, heedlessness, or unpreparedness; as also اغترّبِهِ. (TA.) 10 استغرّ i. q. اغترّ [which see in two places: but in what sense, is not said]: (K, TA:) said of a man. (TA.) A2: استغرّهُ: see اِغْتَرَّهُ.

R. Q. 1 غَرْغَرَ, (IKtt,) inf. n. غَرْغَرَةٌ, (K,) He gargled with water; (IKtt, K;) and in like manner with medicine; (IKtt;) made it to reciprocate in his throat, (IKtt, K,) not ejecting it, nor suffering it to descend easily down his throat; (IKtt;) as also ↓ تَغَرْغَرَ. (K.) b2: غَرْغَرَتِ القِدْرُ The cooking-pot made a sound in boiling. (TA.) And غرغر اللَّحْمُ The flesh-meat made a sound in broiling. (K.) [See an ex. in a verse of El-Kumeyt cited voce مَرْضُوفَةٌ.] b3: غرغر He gave up his spirit, [app. with a rattling sound in the throat,] at death; (K;) as also ↓ غَرَّ. (TA.) b4: غرغر بِصُوْتِهِ He (a pastor) reiterated his voice in his throat. (S.) A2: غَرْغَرَهُ He slaughtered him by cutting his throat with a knife. (K, * TA.) b2: He pierced him in his throat with a spear-head (IKtt, K.) A3: And غَرْغَرَةٌ signifies also The breaking of the bone of the nose, and of the head of a flask or bottle. (K.) R. Q. 2 تَغَرْغَرَ: see R. Q. 1. b2: تغرغر صَوْتُهُ فِى حَلْقِهِ His (a pastor's) voice became reiterated in his throat. (S.) b3: تغرغرت عَيْنُهُ بِالدَّمْحِ The water came and went repeatedly in his eye. (TA.) غَرٌّ, (S, O, K, TA,) with fet-h, (S, O, TA, [in the CK erroneously said to be with damm,]) A crease, wrinkle, ply, plait, or fold, (S, O, K, TA,) in skin, (O, * S,) accord. to Lth, from fatness, (TA,) or in a skin, (K,) and in a garment, or piece of cloth; (S, O, K;) syn. كَسْرٌ, (S, O,) or كَسْرٌ مَتَثَنٍّ, (K,) and مَكْسِرٌ: (S, * O:) pl. غُرُورٌ. (S, TA.) [Hence,] غُرُورُ الفَخِذَيْنِ The furrows [or creases or depressed lines] between the muscles of the thighs. (TA.) And غُرُورُ الذِّرَاعَيْنِ The duplicatures [or creases] between the [sinew's called] حِباَل [pl. of حَبْلٌ q. v.] of the fore arms. (TA.) And غَرُّ الظَّهْرِ The duplicature [or crease] of the مَتْن [or flesh and sinew next the backbone]: or, as ISk says, غَرُّ المَتْنِ signifies the line of the متن. (TA.) And غُرُورُ القَدَمِ The creases of the foot. (TA.) And one says, طَوَيْتُ الثَّوْبَ عَلَى غَرِّهِ I folded the garment, or piece of cloth, according to its first, or original, folding. (S, O, TA. [In the TA said to be tropical; but for this I see no reason.]) And hence طَوَيْتُهُ عَلَى غَرِّهِ meaning (assumed tropical:) I left him as he was, without making known his case: a saying proverbially used in relation to one who is made to rely upon his own opinion. (Har p. 233. [In Freytag's Arab Prov., ii. 38, it is not well rendered nor well explained.]) Hence also the saying of 'Áïsheh, respecting her father, mentioned in a trad., فَرَدَّ نَشَرَ الإِسْلَامِ عَلَى غَرِّهِ i. e. (assumed tropical:) And he reduced what was disordered of El-Islám to its [primitive] state [of order]: (O:) meaning that he considered the results of the apostacy [that had commenced], and counteracted the disease thereof with its [proper] remedy. (TA.) b2: Also A fissure, or cleft, in the earth or ground. (K.) b3: And A rivulet: (IAar, TA:) or a narrow steam of water in land: (K, TA:) so called because it cleaves the earth: pl. غُرُورٌ. (TA.) b4: غُرُورٌ signifies also The streaks, or lines, of a road. (TA.) b5: and الغَرَّانِ signifies Two lines by the two sides of the lower part of the عَيْر [or ridge in the middle of the iron head, or blade, of an arrow &c.]. (AHn, TA.) b6: See also غِرَارٌ, last sentence. b7: Also, the sing., The extremity of a tooth: pl. as above. (O.) A2: And The food wherewith a bird feeds its young one with its bill: (K, TA:) pl. as above. (TA.) b2: Its pl. is used in a verse of 'Owf Ibn-Dhirweh in relation to the journeying of camels, in the phrase اِحْتَسَى غُرُورَ عِيدِيَّاتِهَا, meaning (assumed tropical:) He jaded their عِيديَّات [an appellation given to certain excellent she-camels]; as though he supped their غُرُور. (TA.) غِرٌّ Inexperienced in affairs; (S, K;) ignorant of affairs; negligent, or heedless, of them; (Msb;) applied to a man, (S, Msb,) or to a youth, or young man; (K;) as also ↓ غَارٌّ (Msb) and ↓ غَرِيرٌ; (S, K;) and applied to a young woman; as also غِرَّةٌ and ↓ غَرِيرَةٌ (S, K:) or these three epithets, applied to a girl, signify young, inexperienced in affairs, and not knowing what woman know of love: (A'Obeyd:) the pl. of غِرٌّ is أَغْرَارٌ (S) and غِرَارٌ; (TA;) and of ↓ غَرِيرٌ, أَغْرَّآءُ (S, K) and أَغِرَّةٌ [which is a pl. of pane.] (K.) [And غِرَّةٌ is also used as a pl.] Paradise says, يَدْ خُلْنِى غِرَّةُ النَّاسِ The simple, of mankind, who prefer obscurity. and discard the affairs of the present world, and provide themselves for the world to come, enter me. (TA, from a trad.) b2: Also Youthful, or childish, in conduct: applied to a man, and to a girl, or young woman. (IAar, T.) b3: And One who submits to be deceived. (K.) غُرَّةٌ Whiteness: clearness of colour or complexion. (L, TA.) So in the phrase غُرَّةً ↓ أَغَرُّ [app. meaning More, or most. fair-complexioned]; occurring in a trad. applied to virgins: or the phrase is ↓ غِرَّةً ↓ أَغَرُّ, meaning more, or most, remote from the knowledge of evil. (L.) b2: [A star, or blaze, or white mark, on the forehead or face of a horse;] a whiteness on the forehead of a horse, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, *) above the size of a دِرْهَم; (S, Msb;) or of the size of a درهم; (Mgh;) as also ↓ غُرْغُرَةٌ: (S, K:) or it is a general term [for a star or blaze], including different kinds, as the قُرْحَة and the شِمْرَاخ and the like: or, if round, it is termed وَتِيرَةٌ; and if long, شَادِخَةٌ: or as, ISd thinks, the space itself, of the face, that is occupied by whiteness; not the whiteness: pl. غُرَرٌ. (TA.) [See also أَغَرُّ.] b3: In a dog, A white speck, or a small white spot, above each of the eyes: so in a trad., in which it is said that the black dog having two such marks is to be killed. (TA.) A2: Also (tropical:) The first, or commencement, of the month; (Msb;) the night, of the month, in which the new moon is first seen: (K:) so called as being likened to the غُرَّة on the forehead of a horse: (AHeyth:) pl. غُرَرٌ: (AHeyth, Msb:) which is also applied to the first three nights of the month. (A'Obeyd, S, Msb.) One says كَتَبْتُ غُرَّةَ الشَّهْرِ كَذَا I wrote on the first of the month thus. (TA.) b2: [And hence,] (assumed tropical:) The first, or commencement, of El-Islám; (TA;) and of anything. (S.) b3: The whiteness of the teeth; and the [first that appears] of them. (K.) b4: (assumed tropical:) The head app. when first appearing] of a plant. (TA.) b5: (assumed tropical:) [The sight, or spectacle, or] whatever appears to one, of light, or daybreak: you say thereof, بَدَتْ غُرَّتُهُ [The sight, or spectacle, thereof appeared]. (K.) b6: (assumed tropical:) The aspect of the new moon: (K:) because of its whiteness: (TA:) or the phasis of the moon in the first night of the month]. (TA in art. هل.) b7: (assumed tropical:) The face of a man: (K:) or his aspect; syn. طَلْعَة. (TA.) b8: (assumed tropical:) [And The forehead of a man. So used, as opposed to قَفًا, in the Life of Teemoor, 170, ed. Mang., cited by Freytag; and so used in the present day; but whether in classical times I know not.] b9: تَطْوِيلُ الغُرَّةِ. in performing the ablution termed وَضُوْء, means (assumed tropical:) The washing of the fore part of the head with the face, and the washing of the side of the neck: or, as some say the washing of somewhat of the fore arm and of the shank with the hand and the foot. (Msb) b10: And غُرَّهٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) A noble, or an (??) man, (K,) or a chief, or lord, (S,) of a people (S, K:) pl. غُرَرٌ. (S.) b11: And (tropical:) The best. (K.) and chiefest, (TA,) of goods. or household furniture: (K:) pl. as above: (TA:) the best of anything: (S:) the best, (Mgh,) or most precious and excellent, (Aboo-Sa'eed,) of property ; as, for instance, a horse, and an excellent camel, (Aboo-Sa'eed, Mgh.) and camels, (TA.) and a male slave. (Aboo-Sa'eed. S. Mgh, Msb, K.) and a female slave, (S, Msb, K,) or a clever female slave: (Aboo-Sa'eed, Mgh:) its application to a slave, male or female, [among articles of property,] is most common. (TA.) It has this last signification (a male or female slave) in a trad. in which it relates to the compensation for the destroying of a child in the womb: (TA:) as though this term were applied, by a synecdoche, to the whole person; (S;) the word properly signifying the “ face; ” in like manner as the terms رَقَبَةٌ and رَأْسٌ are employed: (Mgh:) Aboo-'Amr Ibn-El-Alà is related to have said that it there means a white male slave or a white female slave: but this is not a condition accord. to the doctors of practical law; for they hold the term to mean a male or female slave whose price amounts to the tenth part of the whole price of blood: (IAth:) or to the twentieth part thereof: (K, T:) or it means a slave of the best sort. (Mgh.) The Rájiz says, كُلُّ قَتِيلٍ فِى كُلَيْبٍ غُرَّهْ حَتَّى يَنَالَ القَتْلُ آلَ مُرَّهْ Every one slain in retaliation for Kuleyb is as a slave, until the slaying reach the family of Mur-rah. (TA.) b12: Also (assumed tropical:) Goodness, and righteous conduct: so in the saying, إِيَّاكُمْ وَالمُشاَرَّةَ فَإِنَّهَا تَدْفِنُ الغُرَّةَ وَتُظْهِرُ العُرَّةَ [Avoid ye contention, or disputation, for it hides goodness, &c., and manifests what is disgraceful]. (TA.) A3: [It is also an inf. n.: see 1, latter part.]

غِرَّةٌ Negligence; inattention; inadvertence, or inadvertency; inconsiderateness; heedlessness; or unpreparedness: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) [pl. غِرَّاتٌ and غِرَرٌ: see an ex. of the former in a verse cited voce شَفَعَ, and exs. of both in a verse cited voce دَرَى.] It is said in a prov., الغِرَّةُ تَجْلِبُ الدِّرَّةَ Inadvertence brings the means of subsistence: (TA:) or paucity of milk causes to come abundance thereof: applied to him who gives little and from whom much is hoped for afterwards. (Meyd. [See Freytag's Arab. Prov. ii. 179: and see also غِراَرٌ.]) [Hence,] عَلَى غِرَّةٍ [On an occasion of negligence, &c.; unexpectedly]. (K in art. عرض; &c.) [And عَنْ غِرَّةٍ In consequence of inadvertence: see an ex. in a verse cited voce زَلَقٌ.] Also Inexperience in affairs. (S.) غِرَّةٌ and غَرَارَةٌ signify the same. (A'Obeyd.) [The latter is an inf. n.: see 1.] See also غُرَّةٌ, second sentence. b2: غِرَّةٌ بِاللّٰهِ means Boldness against God. (Mgh.) A2: [See also غِرٌّ.]

غُرَّى: see أَغَرُّ, near the end.

غَرَرٌ Peril; danger; jeopardy; hazard; or risk. (S, Mgh, Msb, K.) It is said in a trad., نَهَى عَنْ بَيْعِ الغَرَرِ He (Mohammad) forbade the sale of hazard, or risk; (S, Mgh, Msb;) of which it is unknown whether the thing will be or not; (Mgh;) such as the sale of fish in the water, and of birds in the air: (S, Mgh:) or, accord. to 'Alee, in which one is not secure from being deceived: (Mgh:) or of which the outward semblance deceives the buyer, and the intrinsic reality is unknown: (TA:) or that is without any written statement (عُهْدَة), and without confidence. (As, Mgh.) b2: حَبْلٌ غَرَرٌ means غَيْرُ مَوْثُوقٍ بِهِ [i. e., app., A bond, or compact, in which trust, or confidence, is not placed]. (TA.) A2: See also غَرِيرٌ.

غِرَارٌ Paucity of milk of a camel: (K:) or deficiency thereof. (S.) [See 3.] It is said in a prov., respecting the hastening a thing before its time, سَبَقَ دِرَّتُهُ غِرَارَهُ [lit., His abundant flow of milk preceded his paucity thereof]: (As:) or سَبَقَ دِرَّتَهُ غِرَارُهُ [lit., his paucity of milk preceded his abundance thereof; agreeably with an explanation of Z, who says that it is applied to him who does evil before he does good: see Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 613: and see also غِرَّةٌ]. (So in my copies of the S.) b2: Hence, (assumed tropical:) Paucity of sleep. (As, A'Obeyd, S.) b3: [Hence also,] in prayer, (tropical:) A deficiency in, (K,) or an imperfect performance of, (S,) the bowing of the body, and the prostration, (S, K,) and the purification. (K.) And in salutation, The saying (in reply to السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ) وَعَلَيْكُمْ, not وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامُ: (T, TA:) or the saying سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ (K) or سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ (M) [without ال prefixed to سلام: as though it were a deficient form; but it is the form specially sanctioned by the Kur-án]: or the replying by saying عَلَيْكَ, not عَليْكُمْ. (K.) This is said in explanation of a trad., لاَ غِرَارَ فِى صَلَاةٍ وَلَا تَسْلِيمٍ [There shall be no deficiency in prayer, nor in salutation]: but accord. to one relation, it is لا غرار فى صلاة ولا تَسْلِيمَ, meaning, that the person praying shall not salute nor be saluted: in the former case, تسليم is an adjunct to صلاة: in the latter, it is an adjunct to غرار, so that the meaning is, There shall be no deficiency nor salutation in prayer. (TA.) b4: Also (tropical:) Little sleep (S, K) &c. (K.) El-Farezdak uses the expression نَوْمُهُنَّ غِراَرٌ Their sleep is little. (TA.) b5: And particularly (assumed tropical:) Littleness of consideration; denoting haste. (TA.) You say, أَتَانَا عَلَى غِراَرٍ (assumed tropical:) He came to us in haste. (S.) And لَقِيتُهُ غِرَارًا (assumed tropical:) I met him in haste. (TA.) b6: And مَا أَقَمْتُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا غِرَارًا (assumed tropical:) [I remained not at his abode save] a little while. (TA.) And لَبِثَ غِرَارَ شَهْرٍ He (a man, S) tarried the space of a month. (S, O, TA.) And لَيْتَ اليَوْمَ غِرَارُ شَهْرِ i. e. [Would that the day were] of the length of a month. (So in some copies of the S, and in the O: in other copies of the S, لَبِثَ القَوْمُ غِرَارَ شَهْرٍ [like the phrase immediately preceding].) b7: And, accord. to As, غِرَارٌ signifies A way, course, mode, or manner. (S, O, TA.) One says, رَمَيْتُ ثَلَاثَةَ أَسْهُمٍ عَلَى غِرَارٍ وَاحِدٍ [I shot three arrows] in one course. (S, O, TA.) And وَلَدَتْ فُلَانَةُ ثَلَاثَةَ بَنِينَ عَلَى غِرَارٍ, (S,) or عَلَى غِرَارٍ وَاحِدٍ, (TA,) i. e. [Such a woman brought forth three sons,] one after another, (S, TA,) without any girl among them. (TA.) And بَنَى القَوْمُ بُيُوتَهُمْ عَلَى

غِرَارٍ وَاحِدٍ [app. The people, or party, reared their tents, or, perhaps, their houses, in one line, or according to one manner]. (S, O.) b8: Also The model, or pattern, according to which iron heads (S, K) of arrows (S) are fashioned, (S, K,) in order to their being made right. (K.) One says, ضَرَبَ نِصَالَهُ عَلَى غِرَارٍ وَاحِدٍ (S, TA) i. e. [He fashioned his arrow-heads according to] one model, or pattern. (TA.) b9: And The حَدّ [app. meaning point, or perhaps the edge of the iron head or of the blade,] of a spear and of an arrow and of a sword: [see also ذُبَابٌ:] and ↓ غَرٌّ also signifies the حَدّ of a sword: (K, TA:) or الغِرَارَانِ signifies the two sides of the [arrow-head called] مِعْبَلَة: (AHn, TA:) or the two edges of the sword: [see, again, ذُبَابٌ:] and غِرَارٌ, the حَدّ of anything that has a حَدّ: (S, O:) and the pl. is أَغِرَّةٌ. (S.) غَرُورٌ Very deceitful; applied in this sense as an epithet to the present world; (Msb;) or what deceives one; (K;) such as a man, and a devil, or other thing; (As, TA;) or such as property or wealth, and rank or station, and desire, and a devil: (B, TA:) and ↓ غُرُورٌ signifies a thing by which one is deceived, of worldly goods or advantages: (S:) or the former signifies the devil, specially; (Yaakoob, S, K;) because he deceives men by false promises and by inspiring hopes; or because he urges a man to do those things which are causes of his being loved but which are followed by that which grieves him: (TA:) and this last sense it has, accord. to ISk, in the Kur xxxi. 33 and xxxv. 5: (S:) also the present world; (K;) as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates: and this sense is assigned to it by some as used in the passages of the Kur-án to which reference has just been made. (TA.) [It is masc. and fem., agreeably with analogy.]

A2: Also A medicine with which one gargles: (S, K:) a word similar to لَدُودٌ and لَعُوقٌ and سَعُوطٌ (S) and سَفُوفٌ. (TA.) غُرُورٌ False, or vain, things; vanities: (Zj, K:) as though pl. of غَرٌّ, inf. n. of غَرَّهُ: (Zj:) or pl. of ↓ غَارٌّ; (Zj, K;) like as شُهُودٌ is pl. of شَاهِدٌ, and قُعُودٌ of قَاعِدٌ: (Zj:) or what is false, or vain; a deception; a thing by which one is deceived. (Az.) See also غَرُورٌ.

غَرِيرٌ Deceived; beguiled; made to desire what is vain, or false; (A'Obeyd, K;) and so ↓ مَغْرُورٌ. (K.) And you say likewise, مِنْكَ ↓ أَنَا غَرَرٌ, in the sense of مَغْرُورٌ [I am deceived by thee]. (TA.) And ↓ مَغْرُورٌ signifies also A man who marries to a woman in the belief that she is free, and finds her to be a slave. (TA.) b2: See also غِرٌّ, in three places. b3: It is said in a prov., أَنَا غَرِيرُكَ مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ, meaning I am one possessing knowledge in this affair so that when thou askest me of it I will inform thee respecting it without being prepared for it and without consideration: so says Az: and Z says the like; i. e. I [am one who] will answer thee if thou ask me unexpectedly respecting this affair by reason of the soundness of my knowledge of the true state of the case: or [it means I am a deceived informant of thee respecting this affair; for] as As says, the meaning is, thou art not deceived by me, but I am the person deceived; the case being this, that false information came to me, and I acquainted thee with it, and it was not as I told thee; I having only related what I had heard. (TA.) And one says, أَنَا غَرِيرُكَ مِنْهُ i. e. I caution thee [or I am thy cautioner] against him; (K, TA:) [i. e.,] مِنْ فُلَانٍ [against such a one]; (S, O;) meaning, as Aboo-Nasr says in the “ Kitáb el-Ajnás,” [that] there shall not happen to thee, from him, that whereby thou shalt be deceived; (S, O, TA;) as though he said, I am thy surety, or sponsor, for that. (AM, TA.) b4: [Hence, app., it is said that] غَرِيرٌ signifies also A surety, sponsor, or guarantee. (K, TA.) b5: And عَيْشٌ غَرِيرٌ (tropical:) A life in which one is not made to be in fear: (S, K, TA:) like عَيْشٌ أَبْلَهُ: (TA:) pl. غُرَّانٌ. (K.) b6: Hence, perhaps; or from الغِرَّةُ [app. as meaning “ inexperience ”], which is sometimes approved; (Har p. 607;) or because it [sometimes] deceives; (TA;) غَرِيرٌ also signifies (tropical:) Good disposition or nature. (S, O, K, TA.) One says of a man when he has become old, and evil in disposition, أَدْبَرَ غَرِيرُهُ وَأَقْبَلَ هَرِيرُهُ (tropical:) His good disposition has regressed, or departed, and his evil disposition has advanced, or come: (S, Meyd, O, TA:) or what deceived and pleased has gone from him, and what is disliked on his part, of evilness of disposition &c., has come. (Meyd.) غِرَارَةٌ, (S, Msb, K,) not غَرَارَةٌ, (K,) for the latter is vulgar, (TA,) A sack, syn. جُوَالِقٌ, (K,) for straw &c., (S,) resembling what is called عِدْلٌ: (Msb:) [J says,] I think it is an arabicized word: (S:) pl. غَراَئِرُ. (S, Msb.) غَارٌّ Deceiving; beguiling; causing to desire what is vain, or false; a deceiver. (TA.) b2: See also غُرُورٌ.

A2: And Negligent; inattentive; inadvertent; inconsiderate; heedless; unprepared. (S, K.) See also غِرٌّ.

غَرْغَرَةٌ A sound with which is a roughness, (K,) like that which is made by one gargling with water. (TA.) b2: The sound of a cooking-pot when it boils. (K.) b3: The reciprocation of the spirit in the throat. (S.) b4: A word imitative of the cry of the pastor (K, TA.) and the like. (TA.) [See also R. Q. 1.]

غُرْغُرَةٌ: see غُرَّةٌ: b2: and see أَغَرُّ.

أَغَرُّ More, or most, negligent, inattentive, inadvertent, inconsiderate, heedless, or unprepared. (Mgh.) See also غُرَّةٌ, second sentence.

A2: and White; (S, K;) applied to anything: (K:) pl. غُرٌّ (TA) and غُرَّانٌ (S) [and perhaps غُرَرٌ, as in an ex. voce ذِرْوَةٌ: but see what is said of this pl. in a later part of this paragraph]. You say رَجُلٌ أَغَرُّ الوَجْهِ A man white of countenance. (TA.) And قَوْمٌ غُرَّانٌ, (S,) and غُرٌّ, (TA,) White people. (S.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ غَرَّآءُ A woman [white of countenance: or] beautiful in the front teeth. (TA voce فَرَّآءُ.) See, again, غُرَّةٌ, second sentence. And الأَيَّامُ الغُرُّ The days of which the nights are white by reason of the moon; which are the 13th and 14th and 15th; also called البِيضُ. (TA.) And يَوْمٌ أَغَرُّ مُحَجَّلٌ: see art. حجل. And اللَّيْلَةُ الغَرَّآءُ (assumed tropical:) The night of [i. e. preceding the day called] Friday. (O.) b2: Also A horse having a غُرَّة [i. e. a star, or blaze, or white mark, on the forehead or face]: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) or having a غُرَّة larger than a دِرْهَم, in the middle of his forehead, not reaching to either of the eyes, nor inclining upon either of the cheeks, nor extending downwards; it is more spreading than the قُرْحَة, which is of the size of a درهم, or less: or having a غُرَّة of any kind, such as the قُرْحَة or the شِمْرَاخ or the like: (L, TA:) and in like manner a camel having a غُرَّة: (IAar:) fem. غَرَّآءُ. (Msb, K.) [See an ex. in a prov. cited voce بَهِيمٌ: and another (from a trad.) voce مُحَجَّلٌ.] b3: [Hence]

الغَرَّآءُ (assumed tropical:) A certain bird, (K, TA,) black, (TA,) white-headed: applied to the male and the female: pl. غُرٌّ; (K, TA;) which is also expl. in the K as signifying certain aquatic birds. (TA.) b4: and أَغَرُّ, (K, TA,) applied to a man, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) One whose beard occupies the whole of his face, except a little: (K, TA:) as though it [his face] were a [horse's] غُرَّة. (TA.) b5: And (tropical:) Generous; open, or fair, or illustrious, in his actions; (K;) applied to a man: (TA:) eminent; noble; as also ↓ غُرْغُرَةٌ: (S, K:) or fair-faced: or a lord, or chief, among his people: (Msb:) pl. غُرٌّ, (T, M,) accord. to the K غُرَرٌ, but the former is more correct, (TA,) and غُرَّانٌ. (T, M, K.) And ↓ غُرَّى signifies (assumed tropical:) A woman of rank, eminence, or nobility, among her tribe. (Sgh, K, TA.) b6: يَوْمٌ أَغَرُّ means (tropical:) An intensely hot day: (K, TA: afterwards expl. in the K as meaning [simply] a hot day: TA.) and in like manner one says هَاجِرَةٌ غَرَّآءُ, and ظَهِيرَةٌ غَرَّآءُ, (K, TA, expl. by As as meaning, white by reason of the intense heat of the sun, TA,) and وَدِيقَةٌ غَرَّآءُ. (K, TA.) b7: And سَنَةٌ غَرَّآءُ (assumed tropical:) A year in which is no rain. (L in art. شهب.) مَغْرُورٌ: see غَرِيرٌ, in two places.

مُغَارٌّ (S, K) and مُغَارَّةٌ (TA) A she-camel having little milk: (S, K:) or having lost her milk by reason of some accident or disease; as some say, on disliking her young one, and rejecting the milker: (TA:) or taking fright, and drawing up her milk, (ISk, S,) after yielding it freely: (TA:) pl. مَغَارُّ, (S, K,) imperfectly decl. [being originally مَغَارِرُ]. (S.) b2: Hence, (TA,) (tropical:) A niggardly, or tenacious, hand: (K:) but accord. to the A and the TS, you say رَجُلٌ مُغَارُّ الكَفِّ, meaning a niggardly, or tenacious, man. (TA.)
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