Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف16 2293. شوق15 2294. شوك18 2295. شول16 2296. شوه192297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب17 2301. شيح13 2302. شيخ17 2303. شيد17 2304. شير7 2305. شيز13 2306. شيش7 2307. شيص13 2308. شيط17 2309. شيع18 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق8 2312. شيل5 2313. شيم16 2314. شين11 2315. شيه6 2316. ص6 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح20 2323. صبر21 2324. صبع15 2325. صبغ19 2326. صبن12 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب15 2330. صحر16 2331. صحف20 2332. صحل9 2333. صحم7 2334. صحن15 2335. صحو11 2336. صخ4 2337. صخب12 2338. صخد11 2339. صخر13 2340. صخم4 2341. صد5 2342. صدأ14 2343. صدح12 2344. صدر22 2345. صدع20 2346. صدغ16 2347. صدف20 2348. صدق20 2349. صدل6 2350. صدم16 2351. صدن8 2352. صدو3 2353. صدى9 2354. صر6 2355. صرب14 2356. صرج11 2357. صرح19 2358. صرخ12 2359. صرد18 2360. صرط13 2361. صرع16 2362. صرف27 2363. صرم20 2364. صرى7 2365. صطب9 2366. صعب15 2367. صعتر6 2368. صعد21 2369. صعر18 2370. صعط5 2371. صعق17 2372. صعل11 2373. صعلك13 2374. صعو9 2375. صغر18 2376. صغو7 2377. صف5 2378. صفح19 2379. صفد15 2380. صفر21 2381. صفرد6 2382. صفط2 2383. صفع11 2384. صفق19 2385. صفن21 2386. صفو13 2387. صقب13 2388. صقر17 2389. صقع15 2390. صقل14 Prev. 100




1 شَاهَ وَجْهُهُ, aor. يَشُوهُ; (K;) and شَاهَتِ الوُجُوهُ, aor. تَشُوهُ; (S, Msb;) inf. n. شَوْهٌ (S, K) and شَوْهَةٌ, (K,) or the latter is a simple subst.; (TA;) and شَوِهَ وَجْهُهُ, (K,) inf. n. شَوَهٌ; (TA;) His face was, (K,) and the faces were, (S, Msb,) foul, unseemly, or ugly. (S, Msb, K.) And شَوِهَ, (Msb,) and شَوِهَتْ, (Mgh,) inf. n. شَوَهٌ, (Mgh, Msb,) He, (a man, Msb,) and she, (a woman, Mgh,) was, or became, foul, unseemly, or ugly, (Mgh, Msb,) in face, (Mgh,) or in make. (Msb.) b2: شَوَهٌ is also syn. with حُسْنٌ [app. as an inf. n., of which the verb is شَوِهَ signifying He was, or became, beautiful: thus having two contr. meanings]. (TA.) b3: Also, (K,) as an inf. n., (TK,) The neck's being long, (K, TA,) and high, and the head's overtopping; whence ↓ أَشْوَهُ applied to a horse: (TA:) and the neck's being short: thus [again] having two contr. meanings: (K:) one says, [app. of a horse,] شَوِهَتْ عُنُقُهُ His neck was long [&c.]: and his neck was short: (TK:) or شَوَهٌ said of the neck [of a horse] signifies the being extended: and said of the شِدْق [or side of the mouth], the being wide, (JK. [It probably signifies any of the attributes denoted by the epithet أَشْوَهُ, q. v.]) b4: Also, [and app. in this sense likewise an inf. n. of which the verb is شَوِهَ,] The being quick to smite with the [evil] eye. (S.) b5: And one says, شَاهَ فُلَانًا, (K,) inf. n. شَوْهٌ, (TA,) He smote such a one with the [evil] eye; (K, TA;) as also ↓ اشاههُ: (TA in art. شهو:) and in like manner, مَالَهُ [his cattle, or property]: (Lh, TA:) or شَوْهٌ signifies the smiting vehemently therewith. (TA.) And عَلَىَّ ↓ لَا تُشَوِّهْ Smite not thou me with an [evil] eye: (K:) or, accord. to Abu-l-Mekárim this means say not, How eloquent art thou! (Az, TA,) or say not, How beautiful art thou! (ISk, S,) and so doing smite me with the [evil] eye, or with an [evil] eye. (ISk, Az, S, TA.) ↓ تشوّه signifies He practised artifice to smite people with the evil eye. (JK.) And one says, هُوَ يَتَشَوَّهُ ↓ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ لِيُصِيبَهَا بِالعَيْنِ i. e. He raises his look towards the cattle, or possessions, of the people to smite them with the [evil] eye. (TA.) [See also 1 in art. شيه.] b6: Also, He frightened, or terrified, such a one. (Lh, K.) b7: And He envied such a one. (K.) b8: And شَاهَتْ نَفْسُهُ إِلَى كَذَا His desire became raised towards such a thing. (AA, K.) 2 شوّههُ, (S, K,) inf. n. تَشْوِيهٌ, (TA,) He (God) rendered foul, unseemly, or ugly, his face: (S, K, TA:) and it, i. e. the conformation of the face. (TA, from a verse of El-Hotei-ah.) And شَوَّهْتُ الوُجُوهَ I rendered foul, unseemly, or ugly, the faces. (Msb.) b2: And شَوَّهَ اللّٰهُ حُلُوقَكُمْ God rendered, or may God render, wide your throats, or fauces. (TA.) b3: لَا تُشَوِّهْ عَلَىَّ: see 1, latter half. b4: شوّه بِيَدِهِ He (a man) made a sign with his arm, or hand. (JK.) 4 اشاههُ: see 1.5 تشوّه لَهُ He became altered in countenance to him, so as to be not known by him, (syn. تَنَكَّرَ, S, K,) and assumed various appearances. (S.) b2: See also 1, in two places, near the end.

A2: تشوّه شَاةً He hunted a شاة [app. here meaning a wild bull, as seems to be indicated by the context in the S]. (S, K.) شَآءٌ: see the next paragraph.

شَاةٌ, (S, Msb, K, &c.,) originally شَاهَةٌ, (S, Msb, TA,) A sheep, or goat; [each and either, but more commonly the former; see an instance voce صُوفٌ;] i. e. one of what are termed غَنَم; (S, * Msb, * K;) applied to the male and to the female; (S, Msb, K;) so that one says of the male, هٰذَا شَاةٌ, (Msb,) which is said by Kh to be like the phrase هٰذَا رَحْمَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّى; (Sb, TA;) and of the female, هٰذِهِ شَاةٌ; and شَاةٌ ذَكَرٌ and شَاةٌ أُنْثَى: (Msb:) or it may be [one] of sheep, and of goats, and of gazelles or antelopes, and of the bovine kind [app. of the wild bovine kind i. e. of bovine antelopes], and of ostriches, and of wild asses; (K;) it is applied to a wild bull by Tarafeh, in his saying, كَسَامِعَتَىْ شَاةٍ بِحَوْمَلَ مُفْرَدِ (S) i. e. Like the two ears of a wild bull, in Howmal, solitary; the poet likening thereto the ears of a she-camel in respect of sharpness and erectness; (EM p. 76;) and likewise by Lebeed, and by El-Farezdak: (IB, TA:) and it is also applied to [a wild cow; (though said in the K in art. شوى to signify the wild bull, specially the male;) and hence, as being likened thereto,] (tropical:) a woman; (K, TA;) thus by El-Aashà; and thus also by Antarah, in his saying, يَا شَاةَ مَا قَنَصٍ لِمَنْ حَلَّتْ لَهُ حَرُمَتْ عَلَىَّ وَلَيْتَهَا لَمْ تَحْرُمِ (TA) O شاة [i. e. wild cow] of the chase (ما being redundant) for him to whom she is lawful: she has become forbidden to me, and would that she were not forbidden: (EM p. 246:) pl. ↓ شَآءٌ, (S, Msb, K,) originally شَاهٌ, (K,) used when they are many in number, (S,) [but this is properly termed a coll. gen. n.,] and شِيَاهٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) with ه, which is used of a number from three to ten [inclusive], for more than which it is with ت [meaning ة, i. e. شَاةٌ, agreeably with a general rule], (S,) and شِوَاهٌ, [the original of شِيَاهٌ,] (K,) and ↓ شَوِىٌّ, (S, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, شَوًى,]) which is pl. of شَآءٌ, (S, TA,) or rather a quasi-pl. n., originally شَوِيهٌ, the ه being changed into ى like as it is in ذِى for ذِهْ, (TA,) and أَشَاوِهُ, (K,) and ↓ شَيْهٌ, (so in copies of the K, [in the TA said to be like عِنَبٌ, which is a mistake, (perhaps for عَيْنٌ,) for it is there said to be a quasi-pl. n., which could not be said if it were شِيَهٌ,]) and ↓ شِيهٌ, (CK, [but this, which is another quasi-pl. n., is not in my MS. copy of the K nor in the TA,]) and ↓ شَيِّهٌ, (K,) originally شَيْوِهٌ, but this, also, is a quasi-pl. n., (TA,) and ↓ شِيَةٌ also is syn. with شَآءٌ: (IAar, K in art. شوى:) it has not a pl. formed with ا and ت, [i. e. it has not for a pl. شَاآتٌ,] whether it be used as a gen. n. or as a proper name: (TA:) the dim. is ↓ شُوَيْهَةٌ. (S, Msb.) The sing. is also used in the sense of the pl., in the saying فُلَانٌ كَثِيرُ الشَّاةِ وَالبَعِيرِ [Such a one is possessor of a large number of sheep or goats, and of camels], because the article ال denotes the genus. (S.) And it is said in a trad.

فَأَمَرَ لَهَا بِشِيَاهِ غَنَمٍ [And he ordered that sheep or goats should be given to her]: شياه being prefixed to غنم, governing it in the gen. case, for the sake of distinction; because the Arabs [sometimes] call an animal of the wild bovine kind شاة. (IAth, TA.) b2: الشَّاةُ is also the name of (assumed tropical:) Certain small stars (K in art. شوى) between القرحه [or الفرجة, thus in the work of Kzw, in his descr. of Cepheus, and there said to be the star in the breast of Cepheus,] and الجَدْىُ [i. e. the pole-star]; (TA in that art.;) [the same that are described by Kzw as certain small stars, called by the Arabs الأَغْنَامُ, between the legs of Cepheus and the star الجَدْىُ.]

شَاهُ البَصَرِ, and شَاهِى البَصَرِ: see شَائِهٌ.

شَوَهٌ an inf. n., of شَوِهَ. (Mgh, Msb, TA. [See 1, in several places.]) A2: Also a subst. meaning Unluckiness, or inauspiciousness, of a woman. (TA.) شَيْهٌ and شِيهٌ and شِيَةٌ: see شَاةٌ.

شُوهَةٌ Remoteness: (K, TA:) and so بُوهَةٌ: one says, in dispraise, شُوهَةً لَهُ وَبُوهَةً [i. e. بُعْدًا لَهُ, lit. Remoteness to him! meaning may God alienate him or estrange him, from good, or prosperity! or, curse him!]. (TA.) شَوِىٌّ, originally شَوِيهٌ: see شَاةٌ.

شُوَيْهَةٌ dim. of شَاةٌ, q. v. (S, Msb.) شَائِهٌ Envying: pl. شُوَّهٌ: (As, Lh, TA:) or the latter signifies persons practising artifice to smite men with the [evil] eye. (JK.) b2: And شَائِهُ البَصَرِ, (JK, S, K,) and البَصَرِ ↓ شَاهُ, (JK, K,) and شَاهِى

البَصَرِ, (JK, TA, and S and K in art. شهو,) the last formed by transposition from the first, (S in art. شهو,) A man sharp of sight. (JK, S, K.) شَائِىٌّ: see the next paragraph.

شَاهِىٌّ: see the next paragraph.

شَاوِىٌّ and ↓ شَاهِىٌّ A man possessing شَآء [meaning sheep or goats or both]: (K:) the former is the rel. n. of شَآءٌ; and the latter, that of شَاةٌ: but used as a proper name of a man, it is ↓ شَائِىٌّ, and, if you will, شَاوِىٌّ. (S, TA. *) شَيِّهٌ: see the next paragraph: A2: and see شَاةٌ.

أَشْوَهُ, applied to a man, (Msb,) Foul, unseemly, or ugly, (JK, Msb, K,) in face, (JK, K,) or in aspect, (Msb,) and, as also ↓ شَيِّهٌ, of which the pl. is شَيِّهُونَ, in make: (JK:) fem. شَوْهَآءُ: (JK, Mgh, Msb:) and pl. شُوهٌ. (Msb.) Any created thing incongruous in its several parts; as also ↓ مُشَوَّهٌ. (TA.) And the fem., A woman frowning, or morose, in face; (K, * TA;) foul, unseemly, or ugly, in make: (TA:) and also beautiful, goodly, or comely; (K, * TA;) that excites admiration and approval by her beauty: (TA:) thus having two contr. meanings. (K, TA.) Also, the fem., Unlucky, or inauspicious. (K.) b2: and the masc. applied to a man, (Lth, S, TA,) and the fem. applied to a woman, (Lth, TA,) That smites quickly with the [evil] eye: (Lth, S, TA:) or that smites people effectually with his, and her, [evil] eye. (TA.) And أَشْوَهُ العَيْن Having an evil eye. (Fr, TA in art. شزر.) b3: The fem. is also applied to a mare, (JK, T, S, K,) as an epithet of commendation, but not the masc. to a horse, meaning, it is said, Wide in the شِدْقَانِ [or two sides of the mouth]: (S:) or long in the head, and wide in the nostrils: (JK:) or tall, and such as excites admiration and approval by her beauty or excellence: (K, * TA:) or exceedingly wide in the شِدْقَانِ [or two sides of the mouth] and the nostrils: (K, TA:) or, as some say, wide in the mouth: (TA:) and small in the mouth: thus having two contr. meanings: (K, TA:) or sharpsighted: (T, TA:) or sharp in spirit: (TA:) see also 1. b4: Also, the masc., Proud, and self-conceited. (K.) b5: And خُطْبَةٌ شَوْهَآءُ [An oration from the pulpit] in which a blessing is not invoked on the Prophet. (TA.) أَرْضٌ مَشَاهَةٌ A land in which are شَآء; (A'Obeyd, S, K;) like as one says أَرْضٌ مَأْبَلَةٌ: (A'Obeyd, S:) or in which are many thereof. (K.) مُشَوَّهٌ Rendered foul, unseemly, or ugly, in face, by God: (TA:) or foul, &c., in shape. (K.) See also أَشْوَهُ, second sentence. b2: and Bad in intellect. (TA.)
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