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Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2114. ش5 2115. شأب7 2116. شأت5 2117. شأف11 2118. شأن12 2119. شأو82120. شاهبلوط1 2121. شاهين2 2122. شب7 2123. شبت6 2124. شبث15 2125. شبح17 2126. شبر17 2127. شبط11 2128. شبع15 2129. شبق15 2130. شبك14 2131. شبل16 2132. شبم14 2133. شبه19 2134. شبو9 2135. شت6 2136. شتر18 2137. شتم17 2138. شتو10 2139. شث5 2140. شج3 2141. شجب17 2142. شجر20 2143. شجع17 2144. شجن16 2145. شجو10 2146. شح5 2147. شحب11 2148. شحج11 2149. شحذ14 2150. شحط16 2151. شحم16 2152. شحن16 2153. شحو7 2154. شحى3 2155. شخب14 2156. شخت10 2157. شخر10 2158. شخس10 2159. شخص19 2160. شد6 2161. شدخ12 2162. شدق16 2163. شدن12 2164. شده11 2165. شدو9 2166. شذ5 2167. شذب15 2168. شذر15 2169. شذو8 2170. شر6 2171. شرب24 2172. شرج17 2173. شرح19 2174. شرخ14 2175. شرد16 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم11 2178. شرس18 2179. شرسف8 2180. شرط19 2181. شرع20 2182. شرف19 2183. شرق18 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك16 2186. شرم17 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره13 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب10 2193. شزر16 2194. شسع17 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر10 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب16 2200. شطر22 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن16 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف14 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب20 2208. شعبذ6 2209. شعث16 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر24 2212. شعف18 2213. شعل18 Prev. 100




أو1 شَأَوْتُ القَوْمَ, (Az, S,) aor. ـُ (JM, PS,) or ـَ (Ham p. 786,) inf. n. شَأْوٌ, (Az, S, K,) I preceded, or outwent, the people, or party. (Az, S, K. *) Accord. to [several of] the copies of the K, شَآءَهُ i. e. like شَاعَهُ in measure, which is incorrect, [in other copies ↓ شَآءَاهُ, agreeably with what is said in the S,] signifies He strove, or contended, with him to precede him, or outgo him: or he preceded him, or outwent him: but in the S it is said, شَآءَاهُ, of the measure فَاعَلَهُ, signifies he strove, or contended, with him to precede him, or outgo him: and شَآءَهُ like شَأَاهُ, [the former belonging to art. شوأ and] formed by transposition, signifies he preceded him, or outwent him; and both of these are used by the poet (El-Hárith Ibn-Khálid El-Makhzoomee, TA) in his saying, مَرَّ الحُدُوجُ وَمَا شَأَوْنَكَ نَقْرَةً

وَلَقَدْ أَرَاكَ تُشَآءُ بِالأَظْعَانِ this [passage in the S], however, is taken from what is said by A'Obeyd, in [his work] “ ElGhareeb el-Musannaf,” which is as follows: شَآءَنِى الأَمْرُ, like شَاعَنِى [in measure], and شَآنِى, like شَعَانِى, mean the affair, or event, grieved me; and thus in the verse of El-Hárith Ibn-Khálid, which he cites; and the same is said in the T on the authority of IAar, who says that the poet has used two dial. vars.: [accordingly the verse may be rendered, The camels with their saddles upon them passed along and they grieved thee not at all; but I see thee that thou art grieved by the women borne in the camel-vehicles:] it is said in the M, شَآءَنِى الشَّىْءُ means the thing preceded me, or outwent me: and also the thing grieved me: formed by transposition from شَآنِى, as is proved by its having no inf. n.: IAar says that they are two dial. vars. because of his not being a grammarian. (TA.) [See also 8.]

A2: And شَأَوْتُ البِئْرَ, (Lh, TA,) or شأوت مِنَ البِئْرِ, (S,) inf. n. شَأْوٌ, (K, TA,) I drew forth the earth from the well: (S, K: *) or I drew forth a basketful of earth (شَأْوًا) or two basketfuls of earth (شَأْوَيْنِ) from the well. (Lh, TA.) 3 شَآءَاهُ: see 1. يُشَاوِى occurs in a verse of Milhah El-Jarmee, meaning يُسَابِقُ, from شَأْوٌ meaning طَلَقٌ: one says شَأَاهُ, aor. ـْ meaning سَبَقَهُ: but the verb of the measure regularly formed from الشَّأْوُ is شَآءى; so that يشاوى is formed by transposition and by the change of the ء into ى. (Ham p. 786.) 6 تَشَآءَى مَا بَيْنَهُمَا, (S, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, تَشاوَى,]) like تَشَاعَى [in measure], (S,) The space between them two became farextending. (S, K.) b2: And تشآءى القَوْمُ The people, or party, became scattered, or dispersed. (S, K.) 8 اِشْتَأَى He preceded, or outwent: (S, K:) so says El-Mufaddal. (S.) b2: And He gave ear, hearkened, or listened. (S, K.) شَأْوٌ The utmost extent, term, limit, point, reach, or goal. (S, Msb, K.) b2: And A heat, or single run to a goal or limit: so in the saying, عَدَا شَأْوًا (S) or جَرَى شَأْوًا (Msb) [He (a horse, TA) ran a heat]. b3: And i. q. هِمَّةٌ: thus in the saying, إِنَّهُ لَبَعِيدُ الشَّأْوِ (assumed tropical:) [Verily he is far-aiming, or far-aspiring, in purpose, desire, or ambition]: (Lh, TA:) and سَأْوٌ is a dial. var. thereof. (TA.) A2: Also A [basket such as is termed] زَبِيل; and so ↓ مِشْآةٌ: (K:) or ↓ زَبِيل in which the earth of a well is taken forth; of the measure of مِشْعَاةٌ; and the pl. is مَشَآء ٍ: (S:) and شَأْوٌ signifies, (S,) or signifies also, (K,) the earth that is taken forth from a well (S, K) with the like of the مِشْآة, (as in a copy of the S,) or such as fills the مشْآة: (so in another copy of the S [agreeably with what next follows]:) a زَبِيل of the earth of a well. (As, T, TA.) b2: And hence, i. e. as being likened to a زبيل of the earth of a well, (assumed tropical:) The dung that the he-ass and the she-ass casts forth: (As, T, TA:) or the dung of the she-camel; (M, K;) but the more approved word is [سَأْوٌ,] with س. (M, TA.) A3: Also The nose-rein (زِمَام) of a she-camel. (Lth, K.) مِشْآةٌ; see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

مُشْتَأ ٍ [part. n. of 8, q. v.: b2: and] i. q. مُخْتَلِفٌ [app. as meaning Disagreeing, differing, or discordant]. (TA.)
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