Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
1866. سبع19 1867. سبغ20 1868. سبق22 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل191872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر17 1875. ستق13 1876. سته14 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح12 1880. سجد17 1881. سجر19 1882. سجس12 1883. سجع15 1884. سجف15 1885. سجل22 1886. سجم15 1887. سجن16 1888. سجو11 1889. سح3 1890. سحب18 1891. سحت17 1892. سحج12 1893. سحر20 1894. سحف10 1895. سحق20 1896. سحل18 1897. سحم17 1898. سحن16 1899. سخب10 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت12 1902. سخد11 1903. سخر17 1904. سخط13 1905. سخف14 1906. سخل14 1907. سخم14 1908. سخن17 1909. سد5 1910. سدج8 1911. سدر19 1912. سدس16 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف16 1915. سدل15 1916. سدم14 1917. سدن17 1918. سدو6 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب20 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل13 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج18 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح20 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد17 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق14 1935. سرط15 1936. سرطم7 1937. سرع17 1938. سرف22 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم11 1941. سرمد13 1942. سرند6 1943. سرهد5 1944. سرو14 1945. سرول12 1946. سرون2 1947. سرى8 1948. سسب2 1949. سسم6 1950. سطب7 1951. سطح21 1952. سطر16 1953. سطرنج2 1954. سطع13 1955. سطل12 1956. سطن9 1957. سطو12 1958. سعب9 1959. سعتر8 1960. سعد18 1961. سعر20 1962. سعط16 1963. سعف18 1964. سعل15 1965. سعو3 Prev. 100




2 سبّلهُ, inf. n. تَسْبِيلٌ, means جَعَلَهُ فِى سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ [He assigned it, or the profit, or revenue, or usufruct, thereof, to be employed in the way, meaning cause, of God, or of religion; or in the doing of anything, or all, that God has commanded, or of the works whereby one pursues the way that leads to advancement in the favour of God; he dedicated it to pious, or charitable, uses or purposes]; (K, TA;) as though [meaning] he made it a trodden way [whereby to advance] to [the favour of] God. (TA.) Yousay, سبّل ضَيْعَتَهُ, using the verb in this sense [i. e. He assigned the profit, or revenue, or usufruct, of his estate to be employed in the cause of God, or of religion]; (S;) to be given to the wayfarer, and the poor, and the warrior against unbelievers, and others. (TA voce سَبِيلٌ.) and سبّل التَّمَرَةَ He assigned the profit to be employed in the ways of good works (Mgh, Msb) and the various kinds of pious deeds: (Msb:) or he made the profit to be allowable, or free, to those for whose benefit the property itself was made unalienable in perpetuity. (TA. [See an ex. in the first paragraph of art. حبس, relating to some palm-trees which 'Omar desired to give in charity.]) A2: سبّل, [either سَبَّلَ or, سُبِّلَ both app. allowable, (see the part. ns., below,)] He (a man) was, or became, long in the سَبَلَة [q. v.]; as though he had a long سَبَلَة given to him. (TA.) b2: See also 4.4 أَسْبَلَتِ الطَّرِيقُ The road had many passengers following, or succeeding, one another, or going repeatedly to and fro, upon it. (M, K.) A2: اسبل إِزَارَهُ, (S, M, K,) inf. n. إِسْبَالٌ, (TA,) He let loose, let down, or lowered, his waist-wrapper; (S, M, K;) and so السِّتْرَ the veil, or curtain, (Msb,) or he let down, let fall, or made to hang down, the veil, or curtain: (Mgh:) the former act is forbidden in a trad. (TA.) And اسبلت ذَيْلَهَا [She made her skirt to hang down; or to hang down low, so that she dragged it on the ground]; said of a woman. (M.) And اسبل ثَوْبَهُ He dragged his garment [on the ground]; (O;) and ↓ سبّلهُ signifies the same, (O, TA,) inf. n. تَسْبِيلٌ. (TA.) And اسبل ذَنَبَهُ He made his tail to hang down; he hung down his tail; said of a horse. (M.) b2: [Hence,] اسبل المَآءَ (assumed tropical:) He (a man) poured forth the water. (Msb.) and اسبل دَمْعَهُ (M, K, TA) (tropical:) He shed, or let fall, his tears. (K, TA.) A3: The verb is also similarly used intransitively. (TA.) You say, of a part of the beard, اسبل عَلَى الصَّدْرِ [It fell, or hung down, upon the breast]. (Az, O, TA.) b2: and اسبل المَطَرُ (tropical:) The rain let fall a shower, and became dense; as though it let down a curtain: (A, TA: [but accord. to this explanation, the verb is app. trans.; and the phrase, elliptical:]) or the rain fell continuously, or in consecutive showers, and in large drops: and in like manner, الدَّمْعُ the tears. (S, K,) b3: And اسبلت السَّمَآءُ (Az, S, M, K) (assumed tropical:) The sky let fall its rain issuing from the clouds and not as yet having reached the earth: (Az, S, TA:) or [simply] the sky rained. (K.) And اسبلت أَرْوَاقُ العَيْنِ (tropical:) The sides of the eye shed tears. (O, K, * TA, all in art. روق.) b4: And اسبل عَلَيْهِ (tropical:) He poured forth his speech against him abundantly, [or in torrents,] (A, K, * TA,) like as rain pours. (A. TA.) A4: اسبل الزَّرْعُ The seed-produce put forth its سُنْبُل [or ears]; (S;) and so ↓ سَنْبَلَ; (S, Mgh, Msb;) or put forth its سَبَل, (Msb in explanation of the former,) which is syn. with سُنْبُل, (S, M, Msb, K,) or its سَبُولَة: (K in explanation of the former:) [Mtr says,] ↓ تَسَنْبَلَ I have not found. (Mgh.) Q. Q. 1 سَنْبَلَ: see 4, last sentence: A2: and art. سنبل.

Q. Q. 2 تَسَنْبَلَ: see 4, last sentence.

سَبَلٌ A thing that one has let loose, let down, let fall, or made to hang down, and to drag [on the ground]; like as نَشَرٌ signifies “ a thing that one has spread ” &c.: whence the trad., مَنْ جَرَّ سَبَلَهُ مِنَ الخُيَلَآءِ لَا يَنْظُرُ اللّٰهُ يَوْمَ القِيٰمَةِ [He who drags what he has made to hang down of his garment from pride, or self-conceit, God will not look towards him on the day of resurrection]: (O:) or سَبَلٌ means garments made to hang down [so as to drag]; and is pl. of ↓ سَبَلَةٌ; [or rather a coll. gen. n. of which سَبَلَةٌ is the n. un.;] whence جَرَّ سَبَلَتَهُ, (TA,) which means [He dragged his garment; though said to mean,] his garments. (K, TA.) b2: Also (tropical:) Rain: (S, M, K:) or rain issuing from the clouds and not as yet having reached the earth: (Az, S, TA:) or flowing rain: and likewise flowing blood. (Ham p. 359.) b3: [Hence, app., as indicating swiftness,] سَبَلُ is the name of (assumed tropical:) A certain mare, (S, K,) an excellent mare, said by As to have been the mother of أَعْوَجُ, and to have belonged to [the tribe of] Ghanee. (S, TA.) b4: And سَبَلٌ [or سَبَلُ as a fem. proper name] is a name for (assumed tropical:) A ewe, or she-goat: and such is called to be milked by saying سَبَلْ سَبَلْ. (Ibn-'Abbád, TA.) A2: Also i. q. ↓ سُنْبُلٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) which signifies The ears of corn: (MA: [and in like manner both are expl. in the KL, but as singulars, app. because used as gen. ns.:]) n. un. of the former with ↓ ة, and so of ↓ the latter: and the pl. of ↓ سُنْبُلٌ, which is of the measure فُنْعُلٌ, is سَنَابِلُ: (Msb:) or this is pl. of سُنْبُلَةٌ, (S,) as also سُنْبُلَاتٌ: (Kur xii. 43 and 46:) or سُنْبُلَةٌ [in the CK (erroneously) سُبْلَة] signifies an ear of corn [so I render زَرْعَةٌ (in the CK زُرْعَة)] that is bending, or inclining, as also ↓ سَبُولَةٌ [mentioned in one of my two copies of the S as syn. with سُنْبُلَةٌ but not in the other copy] and ↓ سُبُولَةٌ (M, K) and ↓ سَبَلَةٌ; (K;) or, accord. to Lth, ↓ سَبُولَةٌ signifies an ear (سُنْبُلَة) of millet (ذُرَة), and of rice, and the like, when bending, or inclining: (O, TA:) and some say that سَبَلٌ signifies spreading, or expanding, awn of the سُنْبُل [or ears of corn]; (M, TA;) or the extremities thereof; (TA;) and the pl. is سُبُولٌ; (M;) or سبول is syn. with سُنْبُلٌ, in the dial. of بنو هميان [?]. (TA.) ↓ السُّنْبُلَةُ is also the name of A certain sign of the Zodiac [i. e. Virgo]: (S in the present art., and K in art. سنبل:) [or Spica Virginis;] a star in Virgo; thus called by astrologers; also called السِّمَاكُ الأَعْزَلُ. (Kzw. [See art. سمك.]) الطِّيبِ ↓ سُنْبُلُ is A well-known plant, [spikenard, which is called in the present day السُّنْبُلُ الهِنْدِىُّ,] brought from India. (O. [See also art. سنبل.]) b2: Also sing. of أَسْبَالٌ, which signifies (assumed tropical:) The uppermost parts of a bucket, (O,) or the lips thereof: (S:) or ↓ سَبَلَةٌ is the sing. of أَسْبَالٌ in these senses; and signifies (tropical:) the head of a vessel [like as it signifies the “ ear,” which is the “ head,” of a culm of wheat &c.]. (TA.) Yousay, مَلَأَهَا إِلَى أَسْبَالِهَا (tropical:) He filled it (i. e. the winecup, الكَأْسَ, M, TA, or the bucket, الدَّلْوَ, O) to its edges, (M, K, TA,) and to its lips. (K.) And a poet says, (S,) namely Bá'ith Ibn-Sureym El-Yeshkuree, (TA,) إِذْ أَرْسَلُونِى مَاتِحًا بِدِلَائِهِمْ فَمَلَأْتُهُا عَلَقًا إِلَى أَسْبَالِهَا [When they sent me drawing with their buckets, and I filled them with blood to their brims]: he says, they sent me seeking to execute their blood-revenges, and I slew many: العَلَق meaning “ blood. ” (S, TA. [See also Ham p. 268, where some different readings are mentioned; and it is said that the اسبال may mean the knots that are connected with the cross-pieces of wood of the bucket.]) b3: And (assumed tropical:) A number of spears, few or many. (K. [Perhaps because their heads are likened to the heads of corn.]) A3: Also The nose: (K:) pl. سِبَالٌ: so in the Moheet. (TA.) One says, أَرْغَمَ اللّٰهُ سَبَلَهُ [May God make his nose to cleave to the earth, or dust: or (assumed tropical:) abase, or humble, him]. (TA.) A4: And Garments made of the hards, or hurds, of flax of the coarsest of qualities: and so ↓ سَبَلَةٌ [if one of these words be not a mistranscription for the other]. (TA.) A5: And A certain disease in the eye, [thus رِيحُ السَّبَلِ is expl. in the M,] resembling a film, as though it were the web of a spider, with red veins: (S:) or a film of the eye, from the swelling, or inflation, of its external veins upon the surface of the مُلْتَحِمَة, (K,) which is one of the layers of the eye, (TA,) [namely, the tunica albuginea, or white of the eye, so called in the present day,] and the appearance of a web, or thing woven, between the two, [i. e. between those veins and the white tunic,] like smoke: (K:) or a film covering the eye; as though from إِسْبَالْ meaning the “ letting down ” of a veil, or curtain. (Mgh.) A6: Also A reviling, or vilifying. (K.) One says, بَيْنِى وَ بَيْنَهُ سَبَلٌ Between me and him is a reviling, or vilifying: so in the Moheet. (TA.) سَبِلٌ [is app. a possessive epithet, meaning Having length and flaccidity]. خُصْيَةٌ سَبِلَةٌ means[A scrotum] that is long (M, K, TA) and flaccid. (TA.) سُبْلَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A rain of wide extent. (IAar, O, K.) سَبَلَةٌ: see سَبَلٌ, in five places. b2: Also (assumed tropical:) The شَارِب [or mustache]: (S:) or the دَائِرَة [or small protuberance termed حِثْرِمَة, q. v.,] in the middle of the upper lip: or the hair that is upon [app. meaning of] the شَارِب; (M, K;) whence the saying, طَالَتْ سَبَلَتُكَ فَقُصَّهَا [thy hair of the mustache has become long, therefore clip it]; and it is tropical: (TA:) or the extremity of that hair: (M, K:) or the two mustaches together: (M, K: *) or what is upon the chin, to the extremity of the beard: or the fore part of the beard: (M, K:) or what hangs down, of, or from, the fore part of the beard: (Zj, in his “ Khalk el-Insán: ”) or, accord. to Az, it signifies, with the Arabs, the fore part of the beard, and what hangs down thereof, or therefrom, upon the breast: or, accord. to IDrd, some of them apply it to the extremity of the beard; and some, to the hair of the mustache that hangs down on the beard: in a trad., in which it is said that he [Mohammad] was full in the سَبَلَة, Az says that it means the hairs beneath the lower jaw: accord. to Az, it is what appears, of the fore part of the beard, after [or exclusive of] the hair of the side of each cheek and the عُثْنُون [here app. meaning the portion of the beard next the front of the throat], and what is concealed [thereof]: (TA:) or, accord. to Th, the beard altogether: (M:) the pl. is سِبَالٌ, (S, K,) [to which ة is sometimes added, agreeably with a common license, as appears from an ex. in what follows,] and سَبَلَاتٌ, occurring in the saying, إِنَّهُ لَذُو سَبَلَاتٍ, mentioned by Lh, in which the term سَبَلَة is made to apply to every separate portion [so that the meaning is, Verily he has a سَبَلَة]. (M.) One says, of enemies, هُمْ صُهْبُ السِّبَالِ (assumed tropical:) [They are red, or reddish, in respect of the mustaches, &c.: see art. صهب]. (TA.) and of a man who has come threatening, one says, جَآءَ فُلَانٌ وَ قَدْ نَشَرَ سَبَلَتَهُ (tropical:) [Such a one came having spread out his mustache, &c.]. (K, * TA.) And in a trad. respecting Dhu-th-Thudeiyeh, [see art. ثدى,] it is said, عَلَيْهِ شُعَيْرَاتٌ مِثْلُ سِبَالَةِ السِّنَّوْرِ [app. meaning (assumed tropical:) Having upon him small hairs like the whiskers of the cat]. TA.) b3: سَبَلَةُ البَعِيرِ means (assumed tropical:) The part of the camel, in which he is stabbed, or stuck, in the uppermost part of the breast; (T, M;) called also the تَرِيبَة: (T:) or the fur that flows down upon that part of the camel. (M, K. [In the CK, مَنْخَرِه is erroneously put for مَنْحَرِهِ.]) You say لَتَبَ فِى سَبَلَةِ النَّاقَةِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) He stabbed, or stuck, the she-camel in the part above mentioned: (M in art. لتب: [in the K, in the present art., كَتَبَ is erroneously put, in this phrase, in the place of لَتَبَ:]) Az heard an Arab of the desert say لَتَمَ فِى سَبَلَةِ بَعِيرِهِ, [which means the same as لَتَبَ,] and he supposes the سَبَلَة to be hairs in the part above mentioned. (TA.) You say also, بَعِيرٌ حَسَنُ السَّبَلَةِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) [A camel goodly in respect of] the thinness of his skin (جِلْدِهِ): so in the O and K: but accord. to the T, of his cheek (خَدِّهِ); and this is probably the right explanation. (TA.) سَبَلَانِىٌّ: see أَسْبَلُ.

سَبِيلٌ A way, road, or path; (S, M, Msb, K;) and what is open, or conspicuous, thereof; (M, K;) and Er-Rághib adds, wherein is easiness: (TA:) and ↓ سَبِيلَةٌ signifies the same: (Ibn-'Abbád, K:) the former is masc. and fem.; (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K;) like زُقَاقٌ; (Msb;) made fem. by the people of El-Hijáz, and masc. by Temeem; (Akh, S voce زُقَاقٌ;) but mostly fem.; (IAth, TA;) in the Kur it is made masc. in vii. 143, and fem. in xii. 108: (S, M, TA:) pl. سُبُلٌ, (M, K,) or, accord. to ISk, it has this pl. when masc., and سُبُولٌ, like عُنُوقٌ when fem., (Msb, [but this distinction and the latter pl. are both strange,]) and it has also as a pl. [of pauc.]

أَسْبِلَةٌ. (TA.) In the saying, وَ عَلَى اللّٰهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ [And upon God it rests to show the right way (see art. قصد)], (M, K,) in the Kur [xvi. 9], (M,) it is used as a gen. n., because it is added, وَ مِنْهَا جَائِرٌ. (M, K.) b2: اِبْنُ السَّبِيلِ means (assumed tropical:) The son of the road; (M, K;) he whom the road has brought, or [as it were] brought forth; (IB;) the wayfarer, or traveller: (Mgh, Msb:) or he who travels much or often: (TA:) or the traveller who is far from his place of abode: (Er-Rághib:) as used in the verse of the Kur, (M, Mgh, Msb,) ix, 60, (M,) it means the person to whom the way has become cut short [so that he is unable to continue his journey]; (M, K;) to which has been added, who desires to return to his country, or town, and finds not what will suffice him: (TA:) or the traveller who is cut off from his property: (Mgh, Msb:) or the person who desires to go to a country, or town, other than his own, for a necessary affair: or, accord. to Ibn-'Arafeh, the guest who has become disabled from proceeding in his journey, his means having failed him: to such should be given as much as will suffice him to his home. (TA.) b3: تَقْطَعُونَ السَّبِيلَ, in the Kur [xxix. 28], means (assumed tropical:) [And ye cut off] the way of offspring [by your unnatural practices]: or and ye oppose yourselves to men in the roads [or road] for the purpose of that which is excessively, or enormously, foul or abominable. (TA.) b4: [سَبِيلُ اللّٰهِ means (assumed tropical:) The way, or cause, of God, or of religion; or the way whereby one seeks approach to God, or advancement in his favour.] It is said in the Kur [ii. 191], وَ أَنْفِقُوا فِى سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) And expend ye in warring against unbelievers and the like, and in every good work commanded by God; (M, K;) such being of the ways [that lead] to God: (M:) mostly used in relation to warring against unbelievers and the like. (M, K.) And in the same, iii. 163, الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِى سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ, meaning [Who have been slain in the cause of God, or of his religion, i. e.,] for the sake of the religion of God. (Jel.) And you say, جَعَلَ ضَيْعَتَهُ فِى سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ (assumed tropical:) [He made his estate to have its profit, or revenue, or usufruct, employed in the cause of God, or of religion]. (S.) b5: سَبِيلٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) A means of access; a connexion, or a tie: so in the saying, in the Kur [xxv. 29], يَا لَيْتَنِى اتَّخَذْتُ مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا (assumed tropical:) [O would that I had obtained, with the Apostle, a means of access to Paradise]: (S, Msb, TA:) thus it has been explained: (TA:) or the meaning is, [O would that I had taken, with the Apostle,] a way to safety: or one way, the way of truth. (Bd.) b6: [Also, in the present day, applied to A public drinking-fountain.]

سَبُولَةٌ and سُبُولَةٌ: see سَبَلٌ, in three places.

سَبِيلَةٌ: see سَبِيلٌ, first sentence.

سَابِلٌ Travelling upon a road: pl. سَوَابِلُ and [coll. gen. n.] ↓ سَابِلَةٌ; (TA:) this last signifies travellers, (S, M, *) or a company of people, (Mgh, K,) following, or succeeding, one another, or going repeatedly to and fro, (S, M, Mgh, K,) upon the roads, (S, Mgh,) or upon the road, (M, K,) for the accomplishment of their wants: it is made fem. as denoting a جَمَاعَة. (Mgh.) b2: Also, ↓ سَابِلَةٌ, (TA in art. شغر,) or سَبِيلٌ سَابِلَةٌ, (M, K, * TA,) A travelled road; (M, K, TA;) a beaten road. (TA in art. شغر.) A2: غَيْثٌ سَابِلٌ (assumed tropical:) Rain falling continuously, or in successive showers, and in large drops, and copiously. (TA.) سَابِلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

سُنْبُلٌ and سُنْبُلَةٌ: see سَبَلٌ, in five places: and see also art. سنبل.

سَلْسَبِيلُ the name of A certain fountain in Paradise: determinate; [without tenween;] but occurring at the end of a verse of the Kur [lxxvi. 18], (Akh, S, K,) and being with fet-h, (Akh, S,) ا is added to it, (Akh, S, K,) for the sake of conformity [with the endings of other verses before and after it]. (K.) See also art. سلسبل.

أَسْبَلُ (tropical:) A man long in the سَبَلَة [q. v., here said in the TA to mean the beard, but this is questionable], as also ↓ سَبَلَانِىٌّ and ↓ مُسْبِلٌ and ↓ مُسْبَلٌ and ↓ مُسَبِّلٌ and ↓ مُسَبَّلٌ. (M, K, TA.) b2: And the fem., سَبْلَآءُ, (assumed tropical:) A woman having hair in the place of the mustache. (TA.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) An eye having long lashes. (M, K.) مُسْبَلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُسْبِلٌ A man lengthening his garment, and making it to hang down to the ground. (IAar, TA.) [And in like manner,] applied to a woman, [though without ة,] Who has made her skirt to hang down [app. to the ground]. (M.) b2: See also أَسْبَلُ. b3: And المُسْبِلُ signifies (tropical:) The penis: (M, K, TA:) because of its pendulousness. (TA.) b4: And (assumed tropical:) The [lizard called] ضَبّ. (K.) b5: and the fifth of the arrows used in the game called المَيْسِر: (M, K:) or the sixth of those arrows, (Lh, S, M, K,) also called المُصْفَحُ, (S,) in which are six notches, and to which are assigned six shares [of the slaughtered camel] if it win, and six fines if it do not win: (M:) pl. المَسَابِلُ. (TA.) b6: And مُسْبِلٌ is one of the names of Dhul-Hijjeh; (M, K; *) of the time of 'Ád. (M.) مُسَبَّلٌ: see أَسْبَلُ. b2: Also An ugly old man: (K:) app. because of the length of his beard. (TA.) مُسَبِّلٌ: see أَسْبَلُ.
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