Lane's Lexicon

ا
ب
ت
ث
ج
ح
خ
د
ذ
ر
ز
س
ش
ص
ض
ط
ظ
ع
غ
ف
ق
ك
ل
م
ن
ه
و
ي
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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
585. ثى1 586. ثيب7 587. ثيتل3 588. ثيخ2 589. ثيل8 590. ج19591. جأ1 592. جأب7 593. جأر13 594. جأش9 595. جأل7 596. جأن4 597. جاثليق1 598. جام3 599. جاموس2 600. جاه2 601. جاورس2 602. جب7 603. جبأ11 604. جبت12 605. جبذ15 606. جبر21 607. جبرئيل1 608. جبس13 609. جبل21 610. جبن15 611. جبه20 612. جث6 613. جثل11 614. جثم20 615. جح3 616. جحر14 617. جحش16 618. جحظ12 619. جحف17 620. جحفل10 621. جد7 622. جدب14 623. جدث15 624. جدح13 625. جدر20 626. جدع15 627. جدف18 628. جدل20 629. جدو6 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب16 633. جذر18 634. جذع18 635. جذف10 636. جذل15 637. جذم18 638. جذمر4 639. جذو11 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب17 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح19 646. جرد17 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ16 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز20 655. جرس20 656. جرش14 657. جرض10 658. جرع16 659. جرف19 660. جرل10 661. جرم24 662. جرموق1 663. جرن20 664. جرو9 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر17 669. جزع18 670. جزف16 671. جزل15 672. جزم14 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد15 677. جسر16 678. جسم16 679. جسو6 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب11 683. جشر15 684. جشع14 Prev. 100
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ج alphabetical letter ج

The fifth letter of the alphabet: called جِيمٌ, which is one of the names of letters of the fem.

gender, but which it is allowable to make masc.: it is one of the letters termed مَجْهُورَة [or vocal, i. e. pronounced with the voice, and not with the breath only]: and of the number of the letters termed مَحْقُورَة, and حُرُوفُ القَلْقَلَةِ, because it cannot be uttered in a case of pause without a strong compression, and a strong sound: and it is also one of those termed شَجْرِيَّة, from الشَّجْرُ, which is the place of opening of the mouth. (TA.)

b2: It is sometimes substituted for ى, when the latter letter is doubled, (K,) or is so substituted by some of the Arabs; (AA, S;) as in فُقَيْمِجٌّ, for فُقَيْمِىٌّ; (AA, S, K;) and مُرِّجٌّ, for مُرِّىٌّ. (AA, S.) An Arab of the desert recited to Khalaf El-Ahmar, الْمُطْعِمَانِ الَّحْمَ بِالْعَشِجِّ خَالِى عُوَيْفٌ وَأَبُو عَلِجِّ

[My maternal uncle is 'Oweyf, and Aboo-'Alijj, who feed with flesh-meat at nightfall]; meaning عَلِىّ and عَشِىّ. (S.) It is also sometimes substituted for a single ى. (S, K.) Az gives the following ex.: يَا رَبِّ إِنْ كُنْتَ قَبِلْتَ حُجَّتِجْ

فَلَا يَزَالُ شَاحِجٌ يَأْتِيكَ بِجْ

[O my Lord, if Thou accept my plea, a brayer (or mule) shall not cease to bring me to Thee (i. e. to thy temple)]; (S;) meaning حُجَّتِى (K) [and بِى]. أَمْسَجَتْ and أَمْسَجَا are also mentioned as occurring in a verse, for أَمْسَتْ and أَمْسَى [because originally أَمْسَيَتْ and أَمْسَىَ]. (S.) But all these substitutions are abominable, (S, Ibn-'Osfoor,) and only allowable in cases of poetical necessity. (Ibn-'Osfoor.) It is further said that some of the Arabs, among whom were the tribe of Kudá'ah, changed ى, when occurring immediately after ع, into ج; and said, for رَاعٍ, [originally رَاعِىٌ,] رَاعِجٌ: this is what is termed عَجْعَجَةٌ: Fr attributes the substitution of ج for ى to the tribe of Teiyi, and some of the tribe of Asad. (TA.)

b3: Some of the Arabs also changed it into ى; saying شَيَرَةٌ for شَجَرَةٌ, and جَثْيَاثٌ for جَثْجَاثٌ, and يَصَّصَ for جَصَّصَ. (Az, S in art. يص.)

A2: [As a numeral, ج denotes Three; and, as such, is generally written without the dot, but thus ح, or thus ح, to distinguish it from ح, which denotes eight.]
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