Lane's Lexicon

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
152. انو1 153. انى2 154. انيه1 155. اه2 156. اهب2 157. اهل2158. او2 159. اوب3 160. اود4 161. اوز1 162. اوس2 163. اوف2 164. اوق2 165. اول1 166. اولو1 167. اوم1 168. اون4 169. اوه2 170. اوى2 171. اى1 172. ايا1 173. ايب2 174. ايد3 175. اير4 176. ايس3 177. ايش1 178. ايض3 179. ايك2 180. ايل2 181. ايم2 182. اين2 183. ايه3 184. ب12 185. بأب3 186. بأر12 187. بأز4 188. بأس12 189. بأه5 190. با5 191. بابل3 192. بابونج3 193. باج5 194. باذنجان5 195. ببر8 196. ببغ3 197. بت5 198. بتر19 199. بتع12 200. بتك13 201. بتل18 202. بث4 203. بَثِرَ1 204. بثق15 205. بجح14 206. بجد10 207. بجر13 208. بجس17 209. بجل17 210. بح3 211. بحت15 212. بحث15 213. بحثر8 214. بحر16 215. بخ7 216. بخت13 217. بختر12 218. بخر15 219. بخس17 220. بخص10 221. بخع15 222. بخق13 223. بخل14 224. بد3 225. بدأ15 226. بدر19 227. بدع19 228. بدل18 229. بدن18 230. بده16 231. بدو8 232. بدى3 233. بذ4 234. بذأ11 235. بذخ12 236. بذر17 237. بذق8 238. بذل13 239. بذو6 240. بر5 241. برأ16 242. بربخ5 243. بربط8 244. برثن10 245. برج17 246. برجم12 247. برح19 248. برد20 249. بردع4 250. برذع9 251. برذن12 Prev. 100




1 أَهَلَ, aor. اَهُلَ, inf. n. أُهُولٌ; (Msb;) or أُهِلَ, like عُنِىَ; (K, TA;) It (a place, Msb, TA) was, or became, peopled, or inhabited. (Msb, K, TA.) b2: أَهَلَ, aor. اَهُلَ and اَهِلَ, inf. n. as above, He married, or took a wife; (Yoo, S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ تأهّل; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) and ↓ اتَّهَلَ, [written with the disjunctive alif اِتَّهَلَ, like اتَّخَذَ and اتَّزَرَ and اتَمَنَ &c.], (K,) of the measure افتعل. (TA.) b3: أَهَلَ; (Ks, S, Msb;) or أَهِلَ, aor. اَهَلَ; (K;) or both; (JK;) بِهِ, (JK,) i. e. بِالرَّجُلِ, (Ks, S,) or بِالشَّىءِ; (Msb;) i. q. أَنِسَ [He was, or became, sociable, companionable, friendly, amicable, or familiar, with him, i. e. the man; or he was, or became, cheered, or gladdened, by his company or converse, or by his, or its (the thing's) presence]. (JK, S, Msb, K.) 2 أهّل بِهِ, (K,) or أهّلهُ, (Ham p. 184,) inf. n. تَأْهِيلٌ, (Ham, K,) He said to him أَهْلًا: (Ham:) or he said to him مَرْحَبًا وَأَهْلًا: (K:) like رَحَّبَ بِهِ: (TA:) [see أَهْلٌ:] IB says that [the first Pers\. of] the aor. of this verb is with fet-h to the ه [contr. to rule: a strange assertion]. (TA.) b2: أهّلهُ لِذٰلِكَ, inf. n. as above; and ↓ آهلهُ; He saw him, judged him, thought him, or held him, to be worthy, or deserving, of that; to merit it; to have a right, or just title or claim, to it: (K, * TA:) or he made him to be worthy, or deserving, of that; &c. (TA.) You say, أَهَّلَكَ اللّٰهُ لِلْخَيْرِ [May God make thee worthy, or deserving, of good, good fortune, prosperity, or the like]. (S.) 4 آهَلَكَ اللّٰهُ فِى الجَنَّةِ, inf. n. إِيهَالٌ, May God make thee to enter with thy wife into Paradise: (Az, S, TA:) or may God make thee to have a family in Paradise, and unite thee with them [therein]. (TA.) b2: See also 2.5 تَاَهَّلَ see 1.8 إِاْتَهَلَ see 1.10 استأهلهُ as signifying He was, or became, worthy, or deserving, of it, or he merited it, or he had a right, or just title or claim, to it, is not allowable: (Msb, * MF:) not only does J disallow it, but the generality of those before him do so; saying that it is not chaste: in the Fs it is said to be of weak authority; and the expositors thereof confirm this assertion, saying that it occurs, but is inferior to other words in chasteness; and El-Hareeree asserts it to be erroneous: (MF:) or it is good in this sense; and J's disallowance of it is of no account: (K:) Az and Z and Sgh and others assert it to be good: and Az says, in the T, some have asserted the saying فُلَانٌ يَسْتَأْهِلُ أَنْ يُكْرَمَ أَوْ يُهَانَ, as meaning [Such a one] is worthy, or deserving, [of being treated with honour, or of being held in light estimation,] to be erroneous; and الاِسْتِئْهَالُ to be only from الإِهَالَةُ; but I do not disallow it, nor charge with error him who says thus; for I have heard the verb thus used by a chaste Arab of the desert, of the BenooAsad, and there was present a number of Arabs of the desert who did not disapprove his saying: and this is confirmed by the saying in the Kur [lxxiv. 55], هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَي وَ أَهْلُ المَغْفِرَةِ [explained below: see أَهْلُ]. (T.) A2: استأهل, (JK, K,) or استأهل الأَهَالَةَ, (Msb,) He took the إِهَالَةَ: (JK, K:) or he ate the اهالة: see this word below. (Msb, TA.) أَهْلٌ [The people of a house or dwelling, and of a town or village, and of a country: and the family of a man:] a man's cohabitants of one dwelling or place of abode, (Er-Rághib, Kull p. 84,) and of one town or country: (Er-Rághib:) afterwards applied to a man's fellow-members of one family or race, and of one religion, and of one craft or art or the like: (Er-Rághib, Kull:) or, as some say, relations, whether they have followers or dependents, or not; whereas آلٌ signifies relations with their followers or dependents: (Kull:) or it originally signifies relations: and sometimes is applied to followers or dependents: and signifies also the أَهْل [i. e. people, or inhabitants, or family,] of a house or tent: (Msb:) or a man's nearer, or nearest, relations by descent from the same father or ancestor; or his kinsfolk; his relations: (K:) or, accord. to [the Imám] Mohammad, a man's wife [or wives] and his children and household who are the objects of his expenditure; and thus, any brother and sister, or paternal uncle and son of a paternal uncle, or strange or distantly-related child, whom a man feeds or sustains in his abode: the most particular, or most special, dependents, or the like, of a man: on the authority of El-Ghooree: (Mgh:) [J indicates some of these meanings merely by saying that it signifies] the أَهْل of a man, and the أَهْل of a house; as also ↓ أَهْلَةٌ: (S:) [see also آلٌ; in the explanations of which, certain distinctions between it and أَهْلٌ will be found mentioned:] the pl. is أَهْلُونَ, [like أَرْضُونَ, a form sometimes used for أَرَضُونَ] (Mgh, Msb, K,) and أَهَالٍ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) with an additional ى [implied by the tenween, and expressed in the accus. case, and when the word is determinate, as in الأَهَالِى,] (S,) contr. to rule, (S, Mgh,) like لَيَالٍ, pl. of لَيْلٌ, (S,) [and like أَرَاض, respecting which and ليَالٍ and أَهَالٍ, see أَرْضٌ,] and آهَالٌ, (S, K,) a pl. [of pauc.] sometimes occurring in poetry, (S,) [like آرَاضٌ,] and أَهْلَاتٌ and أَهَلَاتٌ [as though pls. of أَهْلَةٌ]. (S, K.) b2: أَهْلُ البَيْتِ The [people or] inhabitants [or family] of the house or tent. (Mgh, K.) But أَوْصَى لأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ means the same as اوصى لِجِنْسِهِ, i. e. He left by will, of his property, to the children of his father, [or his kindred by the father's side,] exclusively of all relations of the mother. (Mgh in art. جنس.) [See also أَهْلُ الرَّجُلِ, below.] b3: أَهْلَ القُرَى The [people or] inhabitants of the towns or villages. (TA.) And أَهْلُ البَلَدِ The settled, or constant, inhabitants of the country or town. (Msb.) and أَهْلُ الحَضَرِ The people of the region, or regions, of cities, towns, or villages, and of cultivated land. (A in art. حضر.) And أَهْلُ المَدَرِ وَ الوَبَرِ (S in art. مدر, &c.) [The people of the towns or villages, or] the inhabitants of the buildings, and of the tents, (Kull,) or deserts. (TA in art. وبر) b4: [أَهْلُ القُبُورِ, and المَقَابِرِ, The people of the graces, and of the places of graves; i. e., those buried therein.] b5: [أَهْلُ الجَنَّةِ The people of Paradise.]

b6: [أَهْلُ النَّارِ The people of the fire, i. e., of Hell.]

b7: See also أَهِلَةٌ. b8: The following is an ex. of اهل as explained above in the first sentence on the authority of the K: الأَهْلُ إِلَى الأَهْلِ أَسْرَعُ مِنَ السِّيلِ إِلَى السَّهْلِ a prov. [meaning Kinsfolk are quicker of tendency to kinsfolk than the torrent to the plain]. (TA.) So, too, a saying of a poet cited voce خَفْضٌ. (TA.) [And] أَهْلَكَ وَاللَّيْلَ a prov. meaning بَادِر أَهْلَكَ وَاحْذَرِ اللَّيْلَ وَ ظُلْمَتَهُ [Betake thyself early to thy family, and beware of the night and its darkness]. (Har p. 175.) [And] مَرْحَبًا وَأَهْلًا (S, K) a saying meaning Thou hast come to an ample, or a spacious, or roomy, place, and to [people like thine own] kinsfolk; therefore be cheerful, or sociable, not sad, or shy: (S:) or thou hast found, or met with, [an ample, or a spacious, or roomy, place, and] kinsfolk, not strangers. (K.) [And] أَهْلًا وَ سَهْلًا وَمَرْحَبًا Thou hast come to a people who are [like] kinsfolk, and to a place that is plain, even, not rugged, and that is ample, spacious, or roomy; therefore rejoice thyself, and be not sad, or shy. (Msb.) b9: أَهْلُ النَّبِىِّ The [family or] wives and daughters of the Prophet, and his son-in-law

'Alee: or his women; and (as some say, TA) the men who are his آل; (K, TA;) comprising the grandchildren (أَحْفَاد) and [other] progeny: and so أَهْلُ البَيْتِ as used in the Kur xxxiii. 33, occurring also [in a like sense] in xi. 76: (TA:) and الأَهْلُ is conventionally applied to the nearer, or nearest, kinsfolk of the Prophet. (Er-Rághib.) b10: أَهْلُ كُلِّ نَبِىٍّ also means The people to whom any prophet is sent; (K, TA;) and those who are of his religion. (TA.) b11: In the phrase آلٌ اللّٰهِ وَرَسُولِهِ, meaning The friends, or the like, (أَوْلِيَآء K, TA,) and the assistants, (TA,) of God and of his apostle, the first word is originally أَهْل. (K, TA.) b12: أَهْلُ اللّٰهِ is also an appellation which used to be applied to The readers or reciters [of the Kur-án]. (TA.) b13: أَهْلُ الرَّجُلِ also signifies (tropical:) The man's wife; (Mgh, * Msb, * K;) as well as his wife and children; (TA;) [so, too, in the present day, أَهْلُ بَيْتِ الرَّجُلِ;] and so, too, ↓ أَهْلَتُهُ. (K.) Hence the phrase بَنَى عَلَي

أَهْلِهِ [see art. بنىِ]: (Kull:) and دَخَلَ بِأَهْلِهِ and دَخَلَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ [see art. دخل]. (Har p. 502; &c.) b14: أَهْلُ مَذْهَبٍ [The people of, or] those who follow, (K, TA,) and believe, (TA,) a certain persuasion, or body of tenets. (K, TA.) [Hence,] أَهْلُ السُّنَةِ [Those who conform to the institutes of Mohammad]. (TA.) [And] أَهْلُ الأَهْوَآءِ [The people of erroneous opinions;] those whose belief is not that of the class termed أَهْلُ السُّنَّةِ, but who share the same قِبْلَة. (TA.) [And] أَهْلُ الإِسْلَامِ Those who follow the religion of El-Islám. (Mgh.) [And] أَهْلُ القُرْآنِ Those who read, or recite, the Kur-án, and perform the duties enjoined thereby. (Mgh.) [And] أَهْلُ الكِتَابِ [The people of the Scripture, or Bible: and] the readers, or reciters, of the Mosaic Law, and of the Gospel. (TA.) b15: أَهْلُ العِلْمِ [The people of knowledge, or science;] those who are characterized by knowledge, or science. (Msb.) b16: أَهْلُ الأَمْرِ [The possessors of command: or] those who superintend the affairs [of others]; (K, TA;) like أُلُوالأَمرِ, q. v. (TA.) b17: أَهْلُ المَرَاتِبِ [The people of exalted stations, posts of honour, or dignities]. (TA in art. رتب.) b18: أَهْلُ الذِّمَّةِ (Mgh in art. ذم) and أَهْلُ العَهْدِ (TA in art. عهد) Those persons, (Mgh, TA,) of the unbelievers, (Mgh,) [namely, Christians, Jews, and Sabians, but no others,] who have a compact, or covenant, with the Muslims, (Mgh, TA,) paying a poll-tax, whereby they are secure of their property and blood, (Mgh,) or whereby the Muslims are responsible for their security [and freedom and toleration] as long as they act agreeably to the compact. (TA.) b19: أَهْلٌ also signifies The possessors, or owners, of property: as in the Kur iv. 61. (TA.) b20: أَهْلٌ لِكَذَا A person, (S, K,) and persons, for it is used as a sing. and as a pl., (K,) having a right, or just title, to such a thing; entitled thereto; worthy, or deserving, thereof; meet, or fit, for it: (S, K:) the vulgar say ↓ مُسْتَأْهِلٌ, which is not allowable: (S:) or this assertion of J's is of no account. (K: see 10.) You say, هُو أَهْلٌ لِإِكْرَامِ He is entitled to be, or worthy of being, treated with honour. (Msb.) And لِكُّلِ ↓ هُوَ أَهْلَةٌ خَيْر [He is entitled to, or worthy of, all that is good]. (Ibn- 'Abbád.) And وُدٍّ ↓ أَهلَةٌ He who is, or they who are, entitled to, or worthy of, love, or affection. (S, Sgh.) And hence, in the Kur [lxxiv. last verse], هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَى وَأَهْلُ المَغْفِرَةِ (TA) He is the Being entitled to be regarded with pious fear, and the Being entitled to forgive those who so regard Him. (Jel.) In the phrase أهْلَ الثَنَآءِ وَالمَجْدِ [0 Thou who art the Being entitled to praise and glory], occurring in a form of prayer, the first word is mansoob as a vocative: and it may be marfooa, as the enunciative of an inchoative suppressed; i. e. أَنْتَ أَهْلُ [Thou art the Being entitled &c.]. (Msb.) b21: [Frequently, also, أَهْلٌ signifies The author, or, more commonly, authors, of a thing; like صَاحِبٌ and أَصْحَابٌ; as in أَهْلُ البِدَعِ The author, or authors, of innovations; and أَهْلُ الظُّلْمِ The author, or authors, of wrong.]

أَهِلٌ: see أَهْلِيىٌ.

أَهْلَةٌ: see أَهْلٌ, in four places: A2: and see أَهلَةٌ.

أَهِلَةٌ i. q. مَالٌ [Property; or cattle]: so in the saying إِنَّهُمْ لَأَهْلُ أَهِلَةٍ (JK, K) [app. meaning Verily they are sojourners, or settlers, possessed of property, or cattle]: ↓ أَهْلٌ here signifying حُلُولٌ [pl. of حَالٌّ]. (JK, TA.) [But] Yoo says that ↓ هُمْ أَهْلُ أَهْلَةِ and أَهِلَةٍ means They are people of the distinguished sort. (TA.) أَهْلِىٌّ A domestic beast [or bird]; a beast [or bird] that keeps to the dwelling [of its owner]; (JK, Msb, K, TA;) contr. of وَحْشِىٌّ; (TA;) as also ↓ أَهِلٌ. (K.) You say حُمُرٌ أَهْلِيَّةٌ [Domestic asses]: (JK, TA:) occurring in a trad., in which their flesh is forbidden to be eaten. (TA.) أَهْلِيَّةٌ The quality of having a right, or just title, to a thing; worthiness, or desert; meetness, or fitness; in Pers\. سَزَوَارِى: (Golius, app. from a gloss. in a copy of the KL:) the state, or quality, of meetness, or fitness, [of a person,] for the bindingness of the rights which the law imposes for one or upon him. (TA.) إِهَالَةٌ Grease: (S:) or melted grease: (Msb:) or fat: or melted fat: or olive-oil: and anything that is used as a seasoning or condiment: (K:) such as fresh butter, and fat, and oil of sesame: (TA:) or melted fat of a sheep's tail and the like. (JK.) Hence, سَرْعَانَ ذَا إِهَالَةٌ, a prov., mentioned in art. سرع; (K, * TA;) or, as some say, وَشْكَانَ. (TA.) آهِلٌ, (JK, S, Msb, K,) [said by those unacquainted with the verb أَهَلَ in the first of the senses explained in this art. to be] a kind of rel. n., (TA,) and ↓ مَأْهُولٌ, (JK, K,) A place peopled, or inhabited: (Msb:) or a place having people: (JK:) or the former has this signification; and the latter signifies having its people in it: (ISk, K:) or the former has this last signification: (Yoo, S:) pl. of the latter مَآهِلُ, occurring in a poem of Ru-beh [app. by poetic licence for مَآهِيلُ]. (TA.) You say قَرْيَةٌ آهِلَةٌ A peopled, or inhabited, town or village. (Msb.) And أَمْسَتْ نِيرَانُهُمْ آهِلَةٌ Their fires became in the evening attended by many people. (TA.) مَأهُولٌ: see آهِلٌ.

A2: ثَرِيدَةٌ مَأْهُولَةٌ [A mess of crumbled bread] having much إِهَالَة, q. v. (A, TA.) مُتَأَهِّلٌ Having a wife. (Har p. 571.) مُسْتَأْهِلٌ: see أَهْلٌ; latter part of the paragraph.

A2: Also Taking, or eating, إِهَالَة, q. v. (S.)
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